Frederick Taylor is known for his principles of scientific management, which aimed to improve efficiency and productivity in the workplace. Some key principles include:
- Scientific Study of Work: Taylor advocated for analyzing and studying work processes scientifically to identify the most efficient methods.
- Worker Selection and Training: He believed in selecting and training workers based on their abilities and aptitude for specific tasks.
- Standardization: Taylor emphasized the importance of standardizing work methods and tools to reduce variability and increase efficiency.
- Incentives: He introduced the idea of providing financial incentives to motivate workers to perform at their best.
- Supervision: Taylor suggested that managers should closely supervise workers to ensure they follow standardized procedures.
- Cooperation: He promoted collaboration between workers and management to achieve common goals.
These principles were developed during the early 20th century and had a significant impact on industrial management practices. However, they have also faced criticism for being overly mechanistic and not fully considering the human element in the workplace.
1. Frederick Taylor advocated for the ___________ of work processes to identify the most efficient methods.
b) scientific study
2. According to Taylor, worker selection and training should be based on their ___________ for specific tasks.
c) abilities and aptitude
d) educational background
3. Taylor emphasized the importance of ___________ work methods and tools to increase efficiency.
4. To motivate workers, Frederick Taylor introduced the concept of providing ___________ incentives.
5. According to Taylor, managers should closely ___________ workers to ensure they follow standardized procedures.
6. Frederick Taylor promoted ___________ between workers and management to achieve common goals.
7. Frederick Taylor’s principles of scientific management were developed during the early ___________ century.
8. Taylor’s principles aimed to improve ___________ and productivity in the workplace.
9. Some critics argue that Taylor’s approach was overly ___________ and mechanistic.
10. Taylor believed that the interests of the ___________ should take precedence over individual interests.
11. The extent to which decision-making authority is concentrated at the top is known as ___________.
12. Taylor’s principle of ___________ encouraged employees to take initiative and be creative.
a) stability of tenure of personnel
b) unity of command
13. According to Taylor, work should be divided among individuals and groups to improve ___________.
14. Frederick Taylor’s principles provided a framework for modern ___________ management.
15. Taylor suggested that employees should receive ___________ compensation for their work.