List and discuss the elements required to prepare a Scheme of Work PDE704 Pg 25 1.
The syllabus-it contains the broad topics
2. The pupils characteristics (their age, average ability, the quality of group motivation in the
class) 3. Duration of the term How long the term is
4. lime-table for the term Obtain the number of periods devoted to the subject per week from the time table. In order to plan the scheme of work, you as a teacher must know how many lesson
periods are allocated to your subject weekly PDE704 Pg 25. If this number is multiplied by the
number of weeks there are in a term, then you will know how many lessons you will have in a
5. Logical sequence of topics or sub topics Having obtained the number of lessons in a term
then the broad topics stated in the syllabus are now fitted into the lesson periods. As a teacher,
you are expected to set out in logical sequence the way you think the broad topics in the syllabus
can be covered by your pupils.
Items to be included in a Scheme of Work PDE704 Pg 25
- Particulars of the learners (their number, age, sex, ability and stream)
- Previous knowledge and experience of the class in respect of the subject-matter
- The number and duration of the lessons
- The aim of the scheme of work and outline of the subject matter and the content with the objectives of each lesson.
- Some indication of organizational factors such as: the way students learn, the method of teaching and learning to be employed
- Source of information such as: books, work-book, filmstrip etcetera
- Equipment to be used in terms of audio-visual aids
- The Syllabus: The syllabus provides the broad topics and content that need to be covered in the curriculum. It serves as the foundation for structuring the scheme of work.
- Pupils’ Characteristics: Understanding the age, average ability, and motivation level of the students in the class is crucial. This helps tailor the teaching approach and content to suit their needs and capabilities.
- Duration of the Term: The length of the academic term determines how many lessons can be accommodated within that timeframe.
- Timetable for the Term: The timetable indicates the number of periods allocated to the subject per week. By multiplying the number of periods by the weeks in a term, the total number of lessons can be determined.
- Logical Sequence of Topics: Once the total number of lessons is known, the broad topics from the syllabus are arranged in a logical sequence. This sequencing ensures a smooth and effective flow of content throughout the term.
Items to be included in a Scheme of Work:
- Particulars of the Learners: Details such as the number of students, their age, sex, ability level, and stream are essential for tailoring the teaching approach to the specific class dynamics.
- Previous Knowledge and Experience: Understanding what the students already know about the subject helps in building upon their existing knowledge and avoiding redundancy.
- Number and Duration of Lessons: Knowing the number of lessons and their duration allows for better planning and allocation of time to cover different topics.
- Aim and Content Outline: Clearly defining the aim of the scheme of work, along with an outline of the subject matter and lesson objectives, provides a clear roadmap for both teachers and students.
- Organizational Factors: Indicating how students will learn and the teaching and learning methods to be used ensures that the chosen strategies align with the students’ needs and learning styles.
- Source of Information: Specifying the resources like textbooks, workbooks, filmstrips, etc., helps in arranging the necessary materials for effective teaching.
- Equipment and Aids: Listing the audio-visual aids and equipment required for teaching, such as projectors, computers, or models, ensures that necessary preparations are made.
These elements collectively shape the Scheme of Work, facilitating organized and effective teaching while catering to the unique characteristics of the students and the subject matter.
1. The ________ provides the foundation for structuring a Scheme of Work.
b) Lesson plan
2. Understanding students’ age, ability, and motivation level helps tailor the teaching approach based on their ________.
a) Subject preference
b) Previous grades
3. The ________ of the term determines the time available for lessons.
a) Weather conditions
c) Number of students
4. The ________ indicates the number of periods allocated to the subject per week.
a) Teaching method
c) Assessment strategy
5. The logical ________ of topics ensures a smooth flow of content in a Scheme of Work.
a) Teacher’s preference
c) Lesson plan
6. In a Scheme of Work, details about the number, age, sex, and ability of students are listed under ________ of the learners.
7. Teachers need to consider students’ ________ knowledge and experience when planning a Scheme of Work.
8. The ________ outlines the subject matter, objectives, and aims of each lesson.
c) Scheme of Work
9. The teaching and learning ________ influence the choice of methods in a Scheme of Work.
c) Organizational factors
10. In a Scheme of Work, teachers list the ________ needed for effective teaching.
11. The ________ factors guide the teaching and learning methods to be used in a Scheme of Work.
12. Teachers specify the sources of information such as books, workbooks, and filmstrips in the ________ of a Scheme of Work.
13. The ________ used for teaching, like projectors or models, are listed in a Scheme of Work.
14. The ________ is a document that outlines the topics and content of a course.
a) Lesson plan
15. The ________ outlines the sequence of lessons and the teaching methods for each lesson.
c) Scheme of Work