Avoiding Criminal Behaviours eg Gang

Subject : Security Education

Class : Primary 3

Term : Third Term

Type : Lesson Notes

Week : Week 10

Topic :  Avoiding Criminal Behaviours eg Gang

Previous Lesson

Behavioural Objectives :

  1. To define what a gang is and identify its characteristics.
  2. To understand the negative consequences of gang involvement.
  3. To learn strategies for avoiding criminal behaviors such as gang involvement.

 

Embedded Core Skills

  1. Critical thinking and analysis
  2. Effective communication and collaboration
  3. Decision-making and problem-solving
  4. Social and emotional learning
  5. Digital literacy

Learning Resource

  1. Whiteboard and markers
  2. Handouts on gang definition and characteristics
  3. Video clips on gang-related crimes and their consequences
  4. Interactive learning tools such as role-play activities and group discussions

 

 

Content

What is a gang?

A gang can be defined as a group of individuals who come together with a common identity or purpose, often engaging in criminal or other antisocial activities such as violence, drug dealing, theft, or intimidation. Gangs often have strict hierarchies, rules, and codes of conduct, and their members may use gang symbols or clothing to identify themselves. Joining a gang can be dangerous and have serious consequences, including arrest, injury, or death.

Evaluation

1. A gang is a group of individuals who come together with a common _____ or purpose.

a) enemy

b) identity

c) friend

d) parent

 

2. Gangs often engage in criminal or other _____ activities.

a) positive

b) negative

c) neutral

d) boring

 

3. Members of a gang may use gang symbols or clothing to _____ themselves.

a) hide

b) express

c) confuse

d) avoid

 

4. Joining a gang can be _____ and have serious consequences.

a) fun

b) boring

c) dangerous

d) exciting

 

5. Gangs often have strict _____, rules, and codes of conduct.

a) friendships

b) hierarchies

c) neutrality

d) confusion

 

6. Some of the activities that gangs may engage in include _____, drug dealing, theft, or intimidation.

a) kindness

b) generosity

c) honesty

d) violence

 

7. Joining a gang can result in _____, injury, or death.

a) happiness

b) wealth

c) arrest

d) success

 

8. Gang members often feel a strong sense of _____ to their gang and may be willing to engage in criminal activities to prove their loyalty.

a) disloyalty

b) neutrality

c) loyalty

d) confusion

 

9. Gangs can be found in many different _____, including urban and rural areas.

a) countries

b) continents

c) cities

d) planets

 

10. _____ is a serious issue that can be associated with gang involvement.

a) Happiness

b) Depression

c) Excitement

d) Boredom

 

Common Characteristics of A Gang

1. Common identity and purpose: Gangs typically have a shared identity and purpose, which can be based on factors such as shared ethnicity, neighborhood, or criminal activity.

2. Organizational structure: Gangs often have a hierarchical structure with leaders, enforcers, and members who have different roles and responsibilities.

3. Symbols and language: Gangs often use symbols, signs, and language that are unique to their group to identify themselves and communicate with each other.

4. Criminal activity: Gangs are often involved in criminal activities such as drug trafficking, theft, extortion, and violent crimes such as assault and murder.

5. Territoriality: Gangs often have a defined territory, which they may defend against other gangs or individuals.

6. Use of violence: Violence is often used by gangs to establish and maintain power, settle disputes, or intimidate rivals.

7. Initiation and membership requirements: Gangs often have specific initiation rituals and membership requirements, such as committing a crime or proving oneself through a violent act.

8. Loyalty: Gang members are expected to be loyal to their gang and follow the rules and orders given by their leaders.

9. Intimidation and fear: Gangs may use intimidation and fear to control their members and maintain their power within their community.

10. Notoriety: Some gangs may seek to gain notoriety or publicity through their activities, which can increase their power and influence within their community.

Evaluation

1. Gangs often have a shared _____ and purpose, such as ethnicity or criminal activity.

a) name

b) identity

c) hobby

d) gender

 

2. Gangs often have a hierarchical structure with leaders, enforcers, and _____.

a) strangers

b) members

c) animals

d) vehicles

 

3. Gangs often use symbols, signs, and language that are unique to their group to _____ themselves and communicate with each other.

a) hide

b) express

c) confuse

d) avoid

 

4. Gangs are often involved in criminal activities such as drug trafficking, theft, extortion, and _____.

a) generosity

b) kindness

c) honesty

d) violent crimes

 

5. Gangs often have a defined territory, which they may _____ against other gangs or individuals.

a) share

b) defend

c) ignore

d) confuse

 

6. Violence is often used by gangs to establish and maintain power, settle disputes, or _____ rivals.

a) impress

b) ignore

c) intimidate

d) comfort

 

7. Gangs often have specific initiation rituals and membership requirements, such as committing a crime or proving oneself through a _____ act.

a) peaceful

b) boring

c) violent

d) kind

 

8. Gang members are expected to be loyal to their gang and follow the rules and orders given by their _____.

a) friends

b) family members

c) teachers

d) leaders

 

9. Gangs may use intimidation and fear to control their members and maintain their power within their _____.

a) school

b) city

c) country

d) community

 

10. Some gangs may seek to gain _____ or publicity through their activities, which can increase their power and influence within their community.

a) wealth

b) notoriety

c) happiness

d) success

Avoiding Criminal Behaviours eg Gang

1. Stay away from people who engage in criminal activities. Avoid hanging out with children who are involved in criminal activities, as this can lead to your involvement in such activities.

 

2. Report suspicious activities. If you see someone engaging in criminal activities, report it to a trusted adult, such as your teacher, parent, or the police.

 

3. Be aware of your surroundings. Always be alert and aware of your surroundings. Avoid isolated areas and be cautious of strangers.

 

4. Make good friends. Choose friends who are positive influences and have good behavior.

 

5. Don’t participate in illegal activities. Refuse to participate in any illegal activities, even if it means going against the wishes of your friends.

 

6. Be honest. Always be honest in your dealings with others. Lying and stealing can lead to criminal behavior.

 

7. Respect authority. Always show respect to your parents, teachers, and other authority figures. This helps to develop positive character traits and reduces the likelihood of engaging in criminal behavior.

 

8. Get involved in positive activities. Joining a sports team, a club, or other positive activities helps to keep you busy and away from negative influences.

 

9. Stay away from drugs and alcohol. Substance abuse can lead to addiction and criminal behavior.

 

10. Seek help if you need it. If you feel that you are at risk of engaging in criminal behavior, seek help from a trusted adult or counselor. They can provide guidance and support to help you make positive choices.

Evaluation

1. One way to avoid criminal behavior is to stay away from people who engage in _____ activities.

a) good

b) bad

c) boring

d) exciting

 

2. If you see someone engaging in criminal activities, you should report it to a trusted _____.

a) friend

b) teacher

c) stranger

d) family member

 

3. Being aware of your _____ is important in avoiding criminal behavior.

a) dreams

b) friends

c) surroundings

d) hobbies

 

4. Choosing friends who are _____ influences can help prevent criminal behavior.

a) positive

b) negative

c) neutral

d) indifferent

 

5. Refusing to participate in illegal activities is one way to avoid _____ behavior.

a) good

b) bad

c) indifferent

d) strange

 

6. Showing respect to authority figures such as parents and teachers can reduce the likelihood of engaging in _____ behavior.

a) positive

b) negative

c) neutral

d) criminal

 

7. Engaging in positive activities such as joining a sports team or club can keep you busy and away from _____ influences.

a) positive

b) negative

c) neutral

d) strange

 

8. Substance abuse such as drugs and alcohol can lead to _____ and criminal behavior.

a) happiness

b) addiction

c) success

d) wealth

 

9. Seeking help from a trusted adult or counselor if you feel at risk of engaging in criminal behavior can provide _____ and support.

a) guidance

b) confusion

c) indifference

d) frustration

 

10. Always being honest in your dealings with others can help prevent _____ and criminal behavior.

a) lying

b) cheating

c) stealing

d) all of the above

 

 

Lesson Plan Presentation

Teaching Methods

  1. Lecture and discussion: The teacher will provide a brief lecture on the definition and characteristics of gangs, followed by a class discussion to deepen the understanding of the topic.
  2. Group activities: The class will be divided into small groups to discuss the negative consequences of gang involvement and strategies for avoiding criminal behavior such as gang involvement.
  3. Role-playing: The class will participate in role-playing activities to practice how to handle peer pressure and make positive decisions.
  4. Audio-visual presentation: The teacher will show video clips to illustrate the consequences of gang involvement and provide real-life examples of individuals who have been negatively impacted by gangs

Learners’ Activities:

  1. Brainstorming session on the meaning of gangs and their characteristics
  2. Group discussion on the consequences of gang involvement
  3. Role-playing activities to practice decision-making and handling peer pressure
  4. Watch video clips and discuss the negative effects of gang involvement
  5. Complete handouts on the definition and characteristics of gangs

Evaluation Questions:

  1. What is the definition of a gang?
  2. What are the characteristics of a gang?
  3. What are the negative consequences of gang involvement?
  4. What strategies can you use to avoid criminal behaviors such as gang involvement?
  5. How can you handle peer pressure to make positive decisions?

Conclusion: This lesson plan aims to provide primary 3 pupils with a comprehensive understanding of gangs, their characteristics, and negative consequences. By the end of this lesson, pupils will be able to identify strategies for avoiding criminal behaviors such as gang involvement and be able to make informed decisions that promote their safety and well-being

Evaluation

Sure, here are twenty fill-in-the-blank questions with options for Lagos State Primary 3 Security Education students on the topic of avoiding criminal behaviors, defining gangs, and the characteristics of a gang:

1. A __________ is a group of people who engage in criminal activities together.
a) Club
b) School
c) Gang
d) Church

2. Gangs often have a __________ structure with leaders and members.
a) Flat
b) Hierarchical
c) Circular
d) Squiggly

3. Gangs use __________ and language that are unique to their group.
a) Symbols
b) Colors
c) Numbers
d) Letters

4. Gang members are often involved in criminal activities such as __________ and drug trafficking.
a) Volunteering
b) Studying
c) Theft
d) Cleaning

5. Gang members are expected to show __________ to their leaders and follow their orders.
a) Love
b) Loyalty
c) Respect
d) Kindness

6. The use of __________ is common in gang activities to establish and maintain power.
a) Peace
b) Love
c) Violence
d) Joy

7. The negative consequences of gang involvement include __________, arrest, and prison time.
a) Happiness
b) Success
c) Failure
d) Wealth

8. Peer pressure can contribute to gang involvement, but individuals can use __________ to resist negative influences.
a) Kindness
b) Loyalty
c) Courage
d) Ignorance

9. Long-term consequences of gang involvement include __________, addiction, and difficulty finding employment.
a) Wealth
b) Happiness
c) Success
d) Poverty

10. One strategy for avoiding criminal behavior is to __________ peer pressure and make positive decisions.
a) Give in to
b) Resist
c) Ignore
d) Mock

11. __________ can play an important role in preventing gang activity and promoting community safety.
a) Education
b) Sports
c) Music
d) Dancing

12. Gangs often have a defined __________ that they defend from other gangs.
a) Home
b) Community
c) Territory
d) School

13. Gang members may have to go through an __________ process to join a gang.
a) Initiation
b) Graduation
c) Election
d) Inauguration

14. Strategies for avoiding criminal behavior can include __________, staying away from gang-affiliated areas, and seeking support from positive influences.
a) Following bad influences
b) Seeking out negative influences
c) Engaging in criminal activities
d) Staying away from negative influences

15. Gangs often use __________ as a means of communication and identification.
a) Symbols
b) Colors
c) Numbers
d) Letters

16. Gangs may use __________ to mark their territory and intimidate rival gangs.
a) Graffiti
b) Art
c) Flowers
d) Trees

17. The negative consequences of gang involvement can impact not only the individual involved but also their __________ and the wider community.
a) Friends
b) Family
c) Pets
d) Cars

18. Positive community involvement can help to prevent gang activity by providing young people with __________ and opportunities for growth and development.
a) Support
b) Criticism
c) Ignorance
d) Disrespect

19. One strategy for avoiding criminal behavior is to __________ and make positive choices that promote personal and community safety.
a) Give in to negative influences
b) Ignore positive influences
c) Follow bad examples
d) Make positive choices

20. Gangs often use __________ to intimidate others and create a sense of fear and control.

a) Kind words

b) Positive reinforcement

c) Violence

d) Community service