Basic 9 / JSS 3
The pupils have previous knowledge of Third Term Examinations JSS 2 Music
Primary Notes of The Major Scale: The Degree of the major scale, the primary notes of the major scale.
Behavioural objectives :
At the end of lesson, pupils should be able to:
- Define Primary Notes of The Major Scale
- List the primary notes of the major scale.
- Say the technical names of the notes of the major scales
- Explain three primary notes as well as the others secondary notes.
- Wall charts
- Related Online Video
- Flash Cards
Methods of Teaching:
- Class Discussion
- Group Discussion
- Asking Questions
- Role Modelling
- Role Delegation
- Scheme of Work
- Online Information
- 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
PRIMARY NOTES OF THE MAJOR SCALE
1. Meaning of Major scale
2. The primary notes of the major scale.
Sub-Topic 1: MEANING OF MAJOR SCALE
A Scale is defined as a series of notes that go in ascending and descending order beginning with a note.
Major scale therefore is the foundation on which all other scales are formed.
The major scale consists of seven unique notes, plus an eighth which is simply a repeat of the first an octave higher. In solfege, these notes are referred to as do, re, mi, fa, so, la, and ti. The major scale can be started on any note, and when starting on a different note, the pattern of whole and half steps will always remain the same. This means that regardless of what note you start on, the major scale will always have this same unique sound.
The first step in learning how to play the major scale is to find the starting note, also called the tonic. The tonic is the note that gives the scale its name, and it is also the note that serves as the starting point for the pattern of whole and half steps. For example, if you are playing a C major scale, the tonic would be C. Once you have found the tonic, the rest of the notes in the scale will fall into place.
To play the major scale, simply start on the tonic and play each note in order up to the octave. When you reach the octave, you can either stop or continue playing back down the scale to the tonic. One complete cycle of the major scale is called an octave.
The major scale is a great starting point for any musician, as it is the foundation for so much of Western music. From the major scale, you can derive many other scales and chords that are used in a variety of genres. With a little practice, you’ll be playing the major scale like a pro in no time!
The notes of the major scales are known as degrees of the same scale and they have their technical names thus:
THE PRIMARY NOTES OF THE MAJOR SCALE.
Out of the eight notes of the major scale, three are primary notes while the others are secondary notes.
Primary Notes are these.
Tonic ( 1st degree)
Subdominant) ( 4th degree)
Dominant ( 5th degree)
In the scale of C Major the primary notes are C, F and G.
SCALE OF C MAJOR
In the scale of G Major, the primary notes are G, C and D
Here, the Tonic is G………. (i)
Subdominant is C…….(iv)
Dominant is D…………(v)
The primary notes of the major scales are constant as Tonic, Subdominant and Dominant.
PP Pianissimo very soft
P piano soft
Mp Mezzo piano Moderately soft
Mf Mezzo forte Moderately loud
Ff Fortissimo Very loud
F Forte loud
1 Write the degrees of the major scales.
2 Write the primary notes of the major scale
3 Construct the scale of C, A, G and D major and identify their primary notes.
The topic is presented step by step
The class teacher revises the previous topics
He introduces the new topic
The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the need arise
1. What is the major scale?
2. What are the notes of the major scale?
3. How do you find the tonic of the major scale?
4. What is an octave?
5. What is the pattern of whole and half steps in the major scale?
6. Define Primary Notes of The Major Scale
7. List the primary notes of the major scale.
8. Say the technical names of the notes of the major scales
9. Explain three primary notes as well as the others secondary notes.
The class teacher wraps up or concludes the lesson by giving out a short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.
The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.
He or she does the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.
Prepare for the next lesson by reading about land pollution
TIME SIGNATURE: SIMPLE TIME SIGNATURE /COMPOUND TIME SIGNATURE