At the end of the lesson, the learners will be able to
say the Causes and consequences of conflict
mention causes of conflict
explain the Conflict management and resolution
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Methods of Teaching:
Scheme of Work
9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
TOPIC: CONFLICT: cont.
Causes and consequences of conflict
Conflict management and resolution
SUB-TOPIC 1: CAUSES OF CONFLICT
Conflict could be caused in the following ways:
SELFISHNESS: Selfishness often goes with cheating. This will normally generate conflict because the person cheated will negatively react to claim what belongs to him.
RESOURCES: when individuals or group compete for resources such as money, materials etc. usually, it result to conflict.
LACK OF CO-OPERATION: when people fail to work together as a team, it eventually leads to disagreement, misunderstanding and division
TERRITORY: when people or groups of people are competing over a particular boundary to their land, it brings about conflict.
LACK OF RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE: conflict arises where religious groups cannot tolerate one another. Argue and fight over which religion is the best with the tendency to impose a particular religion on everybody, this has created so much conflict in Nigeria.
VALUE BASED CONFLICT: This in other word could be seen as conflict involving values; it is based on what a person believes in. individuals may be involve in conflict over values, defending their position strongly. Such values includes; transparency, honesty, fairness, equity etc.
COMMUNICATION GAP: When needed information is not supplied at the right time or received through wrong channels, conflict may arise.
BAD LEADERSHIP: when leaders are greedy, selfish and insensitive to people’s plight and suffering. The people eventually will revolt through violent protest to show their displeasure. As a matter of fact, it has been the reason for many students’ riot in Nigeria particularly during the military regime.
LAZINESS AND INEFFICIENCY: If laziness and inefficiency are noticed in some people in a group, the deli gent and hardworking once will begins to protest, especially when they receive the same pay package and also when the lazy ones receives promotion or recognition than the hardworking once.
CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES: Criminal acts such as fraud, kidnapping, rape, immorality, murder etc. will definitely cause serious conflict in the society.
Conflicts also can arise in groups, association and between groups as a result of difference in opinion
The absence of mutual trust and understanding among people brings about
Conflict also arise when someone or people neglect their roles or duties.
List 9 causes of conflict
Discuss on 7 causes of conflict
SUB-TOPIC: 2 CONSEQUENCES OF CONFLICT
The following are consequences of conflict
Conflict leads to war and anarchy
Conflict result in breakdown of law and order, thereby encourages chaos in the society
Conflict leads to decrease in productivity and economic depression
Conflict also leads to inefficiency and laziness
Conflict leads to division and separation
It also leads to emotional and mental disturbance
It brings about unhealthy political rivalry
It result in disunity
Conflict retard development and progress
It can lead to riot and loss of lives and property
Conflict often leads to confusion, insecurity, anxiety and unhappiness
Conflict brings about lack of peace and harmony
Conflict makes it difficult for people to achieve a common objective
Conflict brings about disaffection and hatred among members of the same group or association.
SUB-TOPIC 3: CONFLICT MANAGEMENT AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION
Conflict can be managed and resolves in the following ways:
DIALOGUE/NEGOTIATION: This has to do with the two parties involve in the conflict coming together, using dialogue to facilitate the settlement. This negotiation could be made through the representatives of both parties. At the end, a consensus is reached.
COMPROMISE: Here both parties give on the matter that brings about conflict, strike a balance, hence the matter will end up with “no victory, no vanquish” i.e no winner or loser.
MEDITION: Here a third-party act as a peacemaker between the two opposites to bring about peace. For instance, conflicts between two countries are usually mediated by the United Nation Organization (UNO). Besides, African Union (AU) mediates in conflict between members. The mediator will talk to the parties and appeal to their conscience for resolution
The U.N Army on mediation
LITIGATIO /THROUGH THE LAW COURT: This method is usually used as the final resort, when all other method of resolution had fail; then the two parties will resort to settle their differences in the law court.
Here both parties will employ lawyers who will present their case in court; thereafter the final judgment will be given by the judge
THROUGH FAMILIES OR VILLAGE HEADS: Conflicts or misunderstanding within the family is usually settled by the family head. Where it involves two or more families, the village head eventually will be the one to resolve the conflict
AVOIDANCE: When a party recognizes that conflict exist it may react by withdrawing or suppressing the conflict.
The topic is presented step by step
The class teacher revises the previous topics
He introduces the new topic
The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise
Mention 10 consequences of conflict
Explain 4 ways conflict can be managed and resolved
_______ will normally generate conflict because the person cheated will react negatively to claim what belongs to him (a) cheating (b) selfishness (c) intolerance
Which one of the following is not a consequence of conflict? (a) Lawlessness (b) satisfaction (c) loss of lives and properties
Greed, selfishness and insensitiveness to people’s plight and suffering are examples of a_________
(a) Criminal activities (b) bad leadership (c) lack of religious tolerance
Which of these organizations mediates conflict between members?
(a) U.N.O (b) A.U (c) E.U
List and explain three methods of conflict management and resolution
Write a short note on how you can manage and resolve conflict between two or more students in your school.
The class teacher wraps up or concludes the lesson by giving out short notes to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.
The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.
He or she does the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.
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