Tonic Solfa Notation
First Term / 1st Term
JSS 2 / Basic 8
The pupils have previous knowledge of
in their previous classes
Tonic Solfa Notation
At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to
- say the meaning of music tonic solfa natation
- explain meaning of accidentals in solfa notation
- describe the modular with accidental
- Wall charts
- Pictures of different types of houses
- Related Online Video
- Flash Cards
Methods of Teaching:
- Class Discussion
- Group Discussion
- Asking Questions
- Role Modelling
- Role Delegation
- Scheme of Work
- Online Information
- 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
Meaning of Tonic Solfa Notation in Music
The tonic solfa notation is a great way to learn about music and to teach it to others. It is a very simple system that is easy to understand and use. The tonic solfa notation system of writing down music is used by many people. This system uses the letters of the alphabet to represent the pitches of the musical notes
Tonic Solfa Notation is a system which involves the use of syllabic names for music reading. These syllabic names are called solfa notes. In a nutshell tonic solfa notation is a method of reading music. The method was established in the Nineteenth Century in Britain. It was made popular by John Curwen. It is based on the use of seven consonant small letters of the alphabets, namely, d, r, m, f, s, l, t. To complete the note of the scale, the first letter, ‘d’ (doh) is usually repeated.
Accidentals in Solfa Notification
Music is a very important part of our lives. It can be a source of enjoyment, relaxation, and even inspiration. Music can also be a great tool for learning and teaching. The tonic solfa notation is a system of musical notation that uses the solfa names to represent the pitches of notes. This system is very popular in Europe and America.
One of the most important aspects of music is pitch. Pitch is the highness or lowness of a note. We use accidentals to change the pitch of a note. An accidental is a symbol that is placed before a note to indicate that the note should be raised or lowered in pitch. The most common accidents are the sharp, flat, and natural symbols.
The sharp symbol, , raises the pitch of a note by one half step. The flat symbol, , lowers the pitch of a note by one half step. The natural symbol, , cancels any previous accident that has been applied to a note.
The accidental signs used in solfa notation are sharps and flats. The sharp (#) sign is used to raise the sound of the note by a semitone. As a result, ‘doh’ becomes ‘de’, ‘ray’ becomes ‘re’, ‘fah’ is ‘fe’ ‘soh’ is ‘se’ and ‘lah’ becomes ‘le’. For Example:
Similarly, the flat sign is used to lower the sound of the note by a semitone. In this case the letter ‘a’ (aw) is attached to the solfa note, then ‘ray’ becomes ‘raw ‘ ‘m’ becomes ‘maw’, ‘l’ is ‘law’ and ‘t’ is ‘taw’. For Example:
The modulator is the arrangement of the notes of the major scale placed vertically in ascending order.
Punctuation Marks in Solfa Notation
Punctuation marks in solfa notation perform various functions. There are
: Indicates a full beat.
. Indicates a half beat.
, Indicates a quarter beat.
: : Indicates a rest or rests.
| d: – | indicates two beats.
| d : –. | indicates one and half beats.
| d : — : — | indicates three beats.
| d : — : –: — | indicates four beats .
|| double bar lines indicate the end of a piece of music.
The topic is presented step by step
The class teacher revises the previous topics
He introduces the new topic
The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise
The class teacher wraps up or concludes the lesson by giving out a short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.
The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.
He or she does the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.
- What is tonic solfa notation?
- What letters are used in solfa notation?
- Write some examples of accidentals in solfa notation.
- What is a modulator?
- Write the meaning of the following punctuation marks.
(a) : (b) d:– (c) . (d) , (e) d:–:–