Subject : 

Cultural and Creative Art

Term :

First Term / 1st Term


Week 9

Class :

JSS 2 / Basic 8

Previous lesson : 

The pupils have previous knowledge of  Types of Painting in their previous classes

Topic :


Behavioural objectives :

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • define beads
  • list materials that are used in beads production


Instructional Materials:

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures of different types of houses
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching:

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials:

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks




Definition of Beads

Beads are small decorative objects made from plastic, glass, stones, ceramics, ivory, and shell usually threaded in a string with others to make a neck lace or rosary.

The main materials are beads and thread. They can be in varying sizes, shapes and colours.

Bead works commonly found in Bida, among the Nupe people of Niger State in Nigeria. The word bead is derived from Middle English bede’ meaning ‘prayer’ and was originally applied to prayer beads, or rosaries.


Ways of Producing Beads

There are different ways of producing beads. These include:

(i) Roll paper beads

(ii) Straw beads

(iii) Seed beads

(iv) Bottle tops/cover beads


  1. Paper is shredded and soaked in water for few days
  2. Excess water is squeezed out and it is pounded into a pulp.
  3. Prepared starch is mixed into it until it goes round it properly. Are d
  4. The pulp is rolled into desired shapes and pierced with a stick to create a hole.
  5. These are dried for days until one is sure all the water in it is dried out.
  6. They can now be painted with desired colours or left plain after which they carried in there stung on a rope


  1. Different colours of straw are gotten and cut into desired length.
  2. They are strung on a thread using a single colour of cut straws or mixed colours.
  3. The two loose ends are tied together to avoid them from falling off.


  1. Seeds of plants or fruits are dried in the sun until one is sure all the water is out.
  2. These seeds are pierced with a nail or pin.
  3. They are left plain or painted with desired colours and allowed to dry.
  4. These are all strung on a rope and knotted together at the two loose ends.


  1. Bottle tops of different colours are gotten
  2. They are flattened out using a stone or hammer or at times left the way they come.
  3. Holes are made in the middle of each using a nail
  4. They are strung together on a rope and loose ends are tied together.


Uses of Beads

  1. Used by kings to differentiate them from their subjects.
  2. Used by chiefs to differentiate them from the common man.
  3. Beads are worn by nobles.
  4. Worn by women as jewelry to complement their dressing.
  5. Worn by couples during their traditional wedding ceremony.
  6. Worn by people during initiation rites.
  7. Worn by those from the royal lineage e.g. the princes and princesses.
  8. Worn by some who belong to certain sects or cults.









The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




The class teacher wraps up or concludes the lesson by giving out a short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.



  1. Define beads
  2. What does the word beads traditionally mean in English language
  3. List any two (2) elements of art.
  4. Define line? Draw any 4 types of line you know.
  5. Mention four uses of beads
  6. What is colour?
  7. List any five (5) colours you know around you.
  8. What is Art
  9. Mention four materials that can be used
  10. Who were the early men?
  11. What art techniques were used by the early men?
  12. List 4 art techniques were used by the early men?
  13. Mention 4 art tools that were used by the early men
  14. Write out 3 materials that were used by the early men