THE HANDS, FINGERS, NAILS, FEET AND TOES.

Subject : 

Home Economics

 

 

Term :

First Term / 1st Term

 

 

Week:

Week 6

 

 

Class :

JSS 1 / Basic 7

 

 

Previous lesson : 

The pupils have previous knowledge of

THE TEETH AND HUMAN SKIN.

in their previous classes

 

 

Topic :

THE HANDS, FINGERS, NAILS, FEET AND TOES.

 

 

Behavioural objectives:

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • Write the parts of a nail.
  •  Describe the hand.
  • Mention 3 ways of caring for:
    • (i) Your hands.
    • (ii) Your fingernails.
  • Write out the name given to the biggest finger?
  • What is manicure?

 

 

Instructional Materials:

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures of different types of houses
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching:

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation

 

Reference Materials:

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks

 

Content:

THE HANDS, FINGERS, NAILS, FEET AND TOES.

CONTENT: 1. Structure, functions, care and grooming of the hands, fingers and nails (Manicure)

  1. Structure, functions, care and grooming of the feet and toes (Pedicure)

 

SUB-TOPIC I:  Structure, functions, care and grooming of the hands, fingers and nails (Manicure)

         The hands, fingers, nails, feet and toes are very important parts of the body. The ways they are cared for, can affect your appearance. It is then necessary that proper care be given to these parts of the body because dirty hands can harbour diseases and germs especially under the finger nails and dirty feet can hide harmful disease and germs.

 

            HANDS AND FINGERS

        The hand starts from the wrist and is made up of the palm, the fingers and the nails. It is a part of the lower arm and the fingers on the hand consist of nails, which are made up of nail plate, nail crescent cuticle and nail bed.

 

            Functions of hands and fingernails.

  1. They are used for touching things.
  2. They are also used for doing different types of work.
  3. They are used for various activities such as carrying, picking, eating, writing, demonstrating, driving, swimming, washing and sweeping.

Manicure: – Is the process of caring for the hands and fingers.

 

            Care of the hands and fingernails

Hands

 

  1. We must wash our hands with mild soap and water before and after meals.
  2. We must wash our hands after using the toilet.
  3. Rinse hands properly with clean water.
  4. Dry with a clean soft cloth.
  5. Apply a little hand lotion or cream to keep the hand soft.
  6. Use rubber gloves to protect the hands when doing dirty jobs.

 

Finger Nails.

 

  • Trim the finger nails regularly.
  • The nail crescent should be kept clean and prominent.
  • Avoid trimming your nails with teeth; use a pair of scissors, nail file of razor blade. 
  • Always scrub around and under the fingernails using soft sponge.
  • Sharp pointed objects should not be used for cleaning beneath the nails, as they can damage the nails and also injure you.

Manicure can be done using nail clippers and scissors, nail files, hand lotion, cotton bud, nail polish, nail hardness etc.

The biggest finger is called thumb.

 

SUB-TOPIC II: Structure, functions, care and grooming of the feet and toes (Pedicure)           

    The foot is a part of your body at the end of your leg on which you stand and it consists of the ankle, heel, sole, toes and nails. The biggest toe is called the big toe.

Functions of feet

  1. The legs give us support.
  2. The legs are used for walking.
  3. The legs also perform many other useful activities like playing games, dancing, driving, jumping, kicking, matching, etc.

 

SUB-TOPIC II: Structure, functions, care and grooming of the feet and toes (Pedicure)           

    The foot is a part of your body at the end of your leg on which you stand and it consists of the ankle, heel, sole, toes and nails. The biggest toe is called the big toe.

Functions of feet

  1. The legs give us support.
  2. The legs are used for walking.
  3. The legs also perform many other useful activities like playing games, dancing, driving, jumping, kicking, matching, etc.

 

Presentation

 

The topic is presented step by step

 

Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics

 

Step 2.

He introduces the new topic

 

Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise

 

 

Conclusion

The class teacher wraps up or concludes the lesson by giving out a short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.

 

 

Activity

Draw and label a foot.

 

EVALUATION

  1. Name the parts of a nail.
  2. 2. Describe the hand.
  3. 3. State 3 ways of caring for: (i) Your hands.
  4. How many teeth does an adult have?
  5. State the types of teeth and their functions.
  6. What is the name given to the biggest finger?
  7. What is manicure?
  8. The process of caring for the foot and toes’nails is called ———
  9. List 5 ways of caring for your feet and toes’ nails.
  10. Mention 5 ways of caring for your hands and finger.
  11. List 3 tools in a manicure / pedicure set.
  12. Mention three diseases or problems of the feet.
  13. List two functions of hand and foot.
  14. What are the two stages of teeth developed?
  15. Enumerate four ways of taking care of the teeth.
  16. The nose is the sense organ for——-
  17.  The skin is made up of two layers namely ———- and ———.
  18.  Another name for Dermis is ———-
  19.  List three types of skin.
  20.  Mention four functions of the skin.