Subject : 

Home Economics



Term :

First Term / 1st Term




Week 7



Class :

JSS 1 / Basic 7



Previous lesson : 

The pupils have previous knowledge of


in their previous classes



Topic :




Behavioural objectives:

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • Say what is good posture
  • Explain how to carry our bodies properly when standing, sitting or writing
  • Point out the advantages of good posture
  • Pinpoint the disadvantages of bad posture


Instructional Materials:

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures of different types of houses
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching:

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials:

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks



CONTENT: 1.    Meaning, types and characteristics of good posture.

  1.   Importance of good posture and guidelines for maintaining good posture.


Sub –Topic I – Meaning, types and characteristics of good posture.


Meaning :

Posture is the way you carry your body when you walk, stand or sit. In good posture, the back is kept straight, shoulders pull well back and head hold high. This means that good posture is keeping the natural balance of the body aligned with the three major weight centers of the body (the head, chest and waist). 


Types of postures

  1. Walking posture
  2. Sitting posture
  3. Sleeping posture
  4. Standing posture
  5. Working posture e. g ironing, weeding, scrubbing etc
  6. Reading posture

Characteristics of good posture

  1. The body is smart and straight.
  2. The body’s muscles develop uniformly.
  3. The various parts of the body are very proportional to one another.
  4. The body is healthy and active at all times.


Sub–topic II: Importance of good posture and guidelines for maintaining good posture.


Importance of good posture

  • Good posture helps a person to improve his movement and activities.
  • It improves our appearance and personality.
  • It prevents pains in the body.
  • It enhances self-confidence, dignity and respect.
  • It helps our clothes to fit us better.
  • It gives the body a comfortable and relaxed feeling.
  • It promotes good health.
  • It reduces fatigue or tiredness in us.
  • It makes our food digest easily.
  • It enables us to carry our body weight evenly while either walking, standing, sitting or working.


Guidelines or rules for good postures:


  1. For Good Sitting Posture:
  2. Always sit on comfortable chair.
  3. Sit with your hips far back to the chair.

iii.    Support your back with the chair, do not lean forward

  1. Hold your shoulders back without strain.
  2. Keep your head erect and your chest up.
  3. Keep your legs together or one slightly in front of the other.

vii.    Always sit straight with your feet relaxed and your hands placed on your thigh.


  1. Good Standing Posture:
  2. Always stand firmly on both feet.
  3. Stand with your head up and chest out.

iii.    Do not place all your weight in one leg.

  1. Hold your shoulders erect 
  2. Tuck in your tummy (abdomen).
  3. Walk tall. Avoid bending your body.
  4. Tuck in your tummy and bottom.


  1. Good Walking Posture:
  2. Wear comfortable shoes.
  3. Lift your feet up smartly. Avoid dragging.

iii.    Hold your head up.

  1. Hold your shoulders back and your chest out.
  2. Tuck in your tummy (abdomen)
  3. Walk tall. Avoid bending your body.

vii.    Let your arms swing freely by your sides.


  1. Good working posture

Every type of tasks requires a good posture so as to prevent discomfort and fatigue at work and to enjoy our work.

  1. Good ironing posture.
  2. Make sure your ironing board or surface for ironing is adjusted to your waist level while ironing.
  3. Avoid stooping of stretching yourself while ironing.

iii.    Place one leg a little forward while ironing.


  1. Good reading posture
  2. Use a good chair and table of comfortable height.
  3. Follow the guideline for good sitting posture.

iii.    Keep your legs under the table and your hands comfortably on the table.

  • Good scrubbing posture
  1. Put your  kneels down, placing your backbone parallel to the floor.

ii.Avoid curling your backbones.

iii.Support your body with one hard while you scrub with the other.






The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




The class teacher wraps up or concludes the lesson by giving out a short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.




Demonstrate the following in the class

a. Good walking posture.

b. Good reading posture.

c. Good sitting posture





  1. Define good posture.
  2. Enumerate five types of posture.
  3. State characteristics of posture.


  4. Enumerate four ways of taking care of the teeth.
  5. The nose is the sense organ for——-
  6.  The skin is made up of two layers namely ———- and ———.
  7.  Another name for Dermis is ———-
  8.  List three types of skin.
  9.  Mention four functions of the skin.
  10. Explain five importance of good posture.
  11. ii. Mention two kinds of work and the guidelines for postures during such work.
  12.  iii. Swinging your hands by your sides is a guideline under ——– posture.