Subject : 

Home Economics



Term :

First Term / 1st Term




Week 8



Class :

JSS 1 / Basic 7



Previous lesson : 

The pupils have previous knowledge of

Table of Contents


in their previous classes


Topic :



Behavioural objectives:

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • Say the meaning, importance and types of exercises.
  • Write out the guidelines for exercising the body, use of drugs in exercises and sports

Instructional Materials:

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures of different types of houses
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching:

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials:

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks




1.   Meaning, importance and types of exercises.                    

2. Guidelines for exercising the body, use of drugs in exercises and sports.



Meaning of Exercise

Exercise is an act of making the muscles of the body perform some activities like running, swimming, jumping, press-up etc in order to stay healthy and make your body stronger.


Importance of Exercise:

Exercise is important to the body because:

  1. It helps the muscles to be strong and healthy.
  2. It makes us grow strong and healthy.
  3. It aids digestion and prevents constipation.
  4. It makes us to have appetite.
  5. It makes the sweat glands of the skin more active.
  6. It enables overweight persons to shed excess weight. 
  7. It reduces the risk of heart diseases because cholesterol level reduces after exercise.
  8. Energy flow to the body increases.
  9. It helps to release built-up tension.
  10. It refreshes the brain through increase blood circulation.


Types of Exercises:

There are different types of exercises ranging from strengthening, Aerobic exercise to stretching exercise.

  • Strengthening Exercises:

These kinds of exercises help to build strong muscles. Examples are press-up, weight lifting, push-up and sit-up.

How to do Press-up:

  1. Lie flat and straight on the floor face down
  2. Support your body weight with your hands placed on the ground.
  3.   Point your fingers forward
  4. Rest your feet on the top of your toes
  5. Push your body up with your hands and count 1-20 at least.
  6. Stand up for a moment and then repeat the exercise.


  1. Aerobic Exercises:

There are exercises, which  enhance the efficiency of your heart and lungs. They increase the rate of energy use in the body and enhances intake of oxygen into the body. Examples   are swimming, bicycling, walking etc.

2. Stretching Exercises:

These exercises help the body to be flexible. Examples are exercise for waist and arms, dancing, exercise for abdomen. 

How to exercise your waist and arm

  1. Stand with your feet slightly apart.
  2. Place your arms over your head
  3. Bend forward and touch the floor between your feet.
  4. Get back to the standing posture.
  5. Repeat as long as you can.


SUB-TOPIC II – Guidelines for exercising the body, use of drugs in exercises and sports.


Guidelines for exercising the body.

  1. Build your exercise routine around activities you enjoy.
  2. Exercise regularly.
  3. Exercise daily or at least 3 to 5 times a week.
  4. Set aside time for exercise
  5. Exercise 20 to 30 minutes a day.
  6. Wear the correct gear when performing the exercise.
  7. Use the correct materials and equipment for exercise
  8. Avoid exercising immediately after meal.
  9. Obey the rules of exercises.
  10. Practice the exercise in a suitable environment.


Use of drugs during exercise:

Drugs refer to many kinds of substance, from doctor prescribed medicines to illegal substances like marijuana, tobacco, alcohol, cannabis, speed, heroin etc. Apart from the doctor prescribed drugs for health, all other drugs (illegal) are not good for your health. 

Some people are so used to taking these illegal drugs that they find it difficult to live a day without them. This situation is called drug addiction.


It is very bad to practise this physical and mental dependence on continual use of a drug whether for exercise or for sports.


Disadvantages of using drugs in exercises and sports:

  1. It can result in anti-social behaviour.
  1. Users cheat on other contestants because drug use makes them perform beyond their natural endowment.

iii.    It can lead to physical break down.

  1. It can cause emotional and mental disorder.
  1. It is illegal and attracts severe penalty when they are discovered.
  1. Users can die of this addiction.
  2. Drug addicts will not like to stop until it ruins their career.
  3. It reduces appetite for food thereby affecting the whole body system.
  4. It affects the body muscles.


Consequences of Drug Abuse on Individuals




The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




The class teacher wraps up or concludes the lesson by giving out a short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.



  1. Students should practise press-ups.
  2. Find out five indoor exercises you can do.





  1. What is exercise?
  2. Mention three types of exercises and give at least one example of each.
  3. State 5 importance of exercising our body
  4. Define good posture.
  5. Enumerate five types of posture.
  6. State characteristics of posture.
  7. Enumerate four ways of taking care of the teeth.
  8. The nose is the sense organ for——-
  9.  The skin is made up of two layers namely ———- and ———.
  10.  Another name for Dermis is ———-
  11.  List three types of skin.
  12.  Mention four functions of the skin.
  13. Define drug
  14. Are all drugs bad?
  15. State five consequences of using drugs in exercise and sports.