INTRODUCTION TO HOME ECONOMICS

Subject : 

Home Economics

 

 

Term :

First Term / 1st Term

 

 

Week:

Week 1

 

 

Class :

JSS 1 / Basic 7

 

 

Previous lesson : 

The pupils have previous knowledge of

TYPES OF CRAFT

in their previous classes

 

 

Topic :

INTRODUCTION TO HOME ECONOMICS

 

 

Behavioural objectives:

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • Explain the meaning of Home Economics.
  • List the major branches / areas of Home Economics.
  • Write out the major branches of Home – Economics?

     

 

Instructional Materials:

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures of different types of houses
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching:

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation

 

Reference Materials:

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks

 

Content:

WEEK I

Date- 

TOPIC: INTRODUCTION TO HOME ECONOMICS

SUB-TOPIC I

    Home Economics is different thing to different people. To one person it simply means the act of cooking and sewing and to another it deals on child rearing and the art of fashion, but it should be clear that Home Economics is broader than these views.

    What therefore is Home Economics?

Meaning of Home Economics.

Home Economics is the study of everything that helps to improve the home and the family i.e. people, money, food, housing and dressing. This covers areas such as Home Management, Family Living, Food and Nutrition, Child Rearing, Clothing and textile, Consumer Education, Housing and Interior Decoration.

It teaches us how to manage ourselves, our resources and our household.

Areas of Home Economics

Home Economics at the secondary school level is made up of the following major aspects;

  1. Food and nutrition – This is made up of:

(i)  Food– This includes anything we eat to satisfy our appetite, to supply energy and to maintain all body processes.  

         (ii) Nutrition – This includes the study of different kinds of nutrients obtained from the food we eat.

         (iii) Food preparation and Management also includes the care of the kitchen and the utensils used before and after cooking and eating.

 

  • Clothing and Textile- This is a major area of Home Economics. Its minor aspects are:
  1. Clothing – This includes coverings and garment intended to be worn on the human body It also involves stitches and sewing of fabrics, care of fabrics as well as grooming.
  2. Textile – It involves the study of fibres and how they are converted into yarns and fabrics.

  •  Home and Management- It involves the study of the following:
  1. Child developmentThis is the study of the growth and development of the child from pregnancy. 
  2. Family living – This involves the study of the family and the responsibility of individual members of the family.
  3. Care of the home or house we live in– This involves way by which we take care of our homes.
  4. Consumer Education– It teaches people how to make wise decision when buying and managing food items.
  5. Laundry-It involves the care of the clothes we wear.
  6. Care of the body– This is about grooming (maintenance of the cleanliness and appearance of the body).
  7. Adolescent and boy/girl relationship– This involves the way a boy and girl feel about, care for, and behave towards each other.

 

 

SUB-TOPIC II:

 

RELATIONSHIP OF  HOME ECONOMICS TO  OTHER SUBJECTS

    Home Economics derives knowledge from other subjects and combines the knowledge gained to form its own mainframe.

    The subjects which Home Economics is closely related to include:

  • Biology,
  • Psychology,
  • Fine and Applied Arts,
  • Agriculture,
  • Chemistry,
  • Economics,
  • Mathematics,
  • Sociology,
  • Geography,
  • Philosophy,
  • Physics,
  • History etc.

 

The examples of knowledge drawn by Home Economics from these subjects are as follow. 

 

Geography: the knowledge of geography helps us to know about our environment and the family which Home Economics is seriously dealing with does not exist in a vacuum environment. The knowledge of geography is very paramount to Home Economics.

 

Agriculture: the knowledge of food production in agriculture is carried to Home Economics because the family needs food for good health. Home Economics talks about food and nutrition.

 

Chemistry: it helps in home management as it teaches us about the food we eat, the effect of heat on them and their properties.

 

Economics: it helps in home management as it teaches us how to manage personal and family resources to satisfy our needs.

 

Physics: in food preservation and lighting, physics contributes to the knowledge of the workings of our refrigerators and electricity, cookers etc.

 

Psychology: how we learn and the condition for learning, child development etc are the concern of psychology. This knowledge is useful in mother craft and child development which form areas in Home Economics.

 

Fine and Applied Arts: Knowledge gained from fine and applied arts helps us to apply the principles of design in different aspects of home management, interior decoration etc.

 

English; the medium of expressing Home Economics ideas and rudiments is mostly done in English language.

 

Mathematics: in virtually all the areas of Home Economics we need to do one calculation or the other. Mathematics teaches us how to determine quantities and do accurate calculations.

 

 

Presentation

 

The topic is presented step by step

 

Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics

 

Step 2.

He introduces the new topic

 

Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise

 

 

Conclusion

The class teacher wraps up or concludes the lesson by giving out a short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.

 

 

EVALUATION

  1. Explain the meaning of Home Economics.
  2. List the major branches / areas of Home Economics.
  3. How many major branches has Home – Economics?
  4. The subject that helps Home Economists to understand the effect of heat in food is called ———.
  5. Physics helps a Home Economist to understand the workings of ———
  6. Explain ways Home Economics is related different subjects.