Description of a Monitor

Subject:  Computer Study / Information Communication Technology (ICT)


Class: Basic  1 / Primary 1 / Year 1


Term: First Term / 1st  Term


Week: Week 5


Topic: Description of a Monitor 



Previous Knowledge: The pupils have previous knowledge of


that was taught in their previous lesson.



Behavioural  Objectives : At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to

  • Describe a computer system
  • Describe a monitor


Instructional Materials 

  • Computer system
  • Monitor


Methods of Teaching 

  • Role modelling
  • Questions and Answers
  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Recitation
  • Imitation
  • Story Telling
  • Dramatization



The monitor looks like a flat TV screen.

The monitor displays information.

The computer is an electronic device that can accept data, process it and gives us useful information.

The Computer is an electronic machine.

The computer uses electricity to operate or function.

Other items that use electricity at home are

  1. Mobile phones
  2. Calculator
  3. Television
  4. DVD
  5. Electric stove
  6. Electric pressing iron
  7. Blender
  8. Radio
  9. Laptop
  10. Digital camera


The computer is a versatile machine because it can do a lot of things like

  • Watching of movies
  • Making video calls
  • Send messages
  • Sending emails
  • Listening to news through the internet
  • Playing computer games



Presentation : 

The topic is presented step by step

Step 1: The class teacher revises the old topic

Step 2: The class teacher introduces the new topic

Step 3: The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own contributions and gives room for pupils” participation





  1. What is a computer
  2. How does a monitor look like
  3. Mention five electric devices at home
    1. ____
    2. ____
    3. ____
    4. ____
    5. ____



Previous Lesson


Parts of a Computer Keyboard


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What is a Computer?

A computer is an electronic device that accepts data as input, processes it and brings out information as output.

Basic parts of a computer

Monitor, Keyboard, Mouse, CPU (System Unit), UPS (Uninterrupted Power Supply), USB drive, Speakers, Projector, Printer and scanner.

Classes of Computers 


Super Computers Mainframe Computer Mini Computer Micro Computer

Touch Typing


Types of CPU (Central Processing Unit)

Description: CPU (Tower Computer)

This type of CPU is in a standing position

Horizontal CPU (Desktop Computer)

This type of CPU is usually in a lying down position. Usually placed on the table and the monitor placed on top

Main Units of the CPU (Central Processing Unit)

  • Control Unit: It controls other units within the CPU. It is the brain within the CPU.

  • Arithmetic Logic Unit: It is the part of the CPU that performs arithmetic (mathematical) and comparison operations.

  • Memory Unit: It is used to store data.