# BINOMIAL EXPANSION 1

SUBJECT: FURTHER MATHEMATICS

CLASS: SSS 1

WEEK FIVE

TOPIC: BINOMIAL EXPANSION 1

SUB-TOPICS:

1. Pascal triangle.
2. Binomial growth of (a+b)n , the place n might be constructive integer, destructive integer or fractional worth.

SUB-TOPIC ONE

The Pascal’s triangle is a format for getting the coefficients of expansions. It applies to binomial and binomial fashioned from a decreased polynomial.

Contemplate the growth of every of the next:

(a+b)0

(a+b)1

(a+b)2

(a+b)3

(a+b)4

(a+b)5

By peculiar growth of algebraic phrases, we’ve:

(a+b)0 = 1

(a+b)1 = 1a + 1b

(a+b)2 = 1a2+2ab+1b2

(a+b)3 = 1a3+3a2b+3ab2+1b3

(a+b)4 = 1a4+4a3b+6a2b2+4ab3+1b4

(a+b)5 = 1a5+5a4b+10a3b2+10a2b3+5ab4+1b5

Contemplate the array of coefficients of a and b. We will show it as follows:

n (energy)

1 0

1 1 1

Row 1 2 1 2

1 3 3 1 3

1 4 6 4 1 4

1 5 10 10 5 1 5

We name the array of coefficients displayed above Pascal triangle named after the celebrated French Mathematician and Physicists Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) famous for his essay on conic part in 1640 and first invention of calculating machine in 1642.

Notice the next:

• A basic binomial is of the shape (a+b)n .
• There are n + 1 phrases.
• The growth is homogenous i.e.the sum of the powers of a and b in every time period of the growth is n.
• As the facility of a descends (ranging from n until it reaches 0), the facility of b ascends (ranging from 0 until it reaches n) and vice versa.

Examples:

1. Utilizing Pascal’s triangle, increase

Resolution:

Let n=4

1 4 6 4 1

Perceive that the index (energy) of descends as that of ascends.

1. Use Pascal’s triangle to acquire the worth of (1.025)4, appropriate to 3 decimal locations.

Class exercise

1. .

SUB-TOPIC 2

Binomial Enlargement of (a+b)n

Binomial Theorem

ncr

ncr =

ncr = ncr

The Binomial Theorem for a constructive Integral Index

If a and b are any numbers and n is a constructive integer, then

nC0an+nC1an-1b+nC2an-2b2+…+nCran-rbr+…nCnbn

Notice:

1. The variety of phrases within the growth is n+1. That’s yet another than the index of binomial.
2. The (r+1) time period within the growth of the binomial is named the final time period and denoted by Tr+1 =nCran-rbr

The Binomial Theorem for Damaging and Fraction

When n will not be a constructive integer, the growth turns into

Supplied a is numerically lower than unit. That’s -1<< 1. Because of this the assorted coefficients can’t be expressed as nC0, nC1, nC2 and many others as a result of they don’t have any which means when n will not be a constructive integer.

Once more, the concept might be utilized solely when the primary time period of the binomial is unity. If not, the binomial should first be decreased to this way. For instance, to increase (t+a)n must be put on this kind .

Examples:

4C0 + 4C1 + 4C2 + 4C3 + 4C4

=

Resolution:

Recall:

n = -3,

Resolution:

Notice the primary time period of the binomial will not be unity. Let’s scale back to the shape

n= ½,

Class exercise

1. Decide the coefficient of from the growth of .

PRACTICE QUESTIONS

1. Utilizing the binomial theorem, increase (1 + 2x)5, simplifying all of the phrases. Therefore calculate the worth of (1.02)5 appropriate to 6 vital figures.
2. If the primary three phrases of the growth of the growth of (1+px)5 in ascending powers of x are 1+20x+160x2 discover the values of n and p.
3. (a) Write down the binomial growth of (1+y)8, simplifying all of the phrases.

(b) Utilizing the substitution y = x – x2 in (a), deduce the growth of (1+ x – x2)8 in ascending powers of x so far as the time period in x4.

(c) Discover, by inspection, a price of x such that 1+ x – x2 = 1.09. Therefore, consider (1.09)8 appropriate to 3 decimal locations.

1. Write down the binomial growth of , simplifying all its coefficients.
2. Receive the primary 5 phrases of the growth of

ASSIGNMENT

1. The _______ triangle is a format for getting the coefficient of expansions. (a) Binomial (b) right-angled (c) Pascal’s (d) array.
2. Pascal’s triangle was named after the French Mathematician and Physicists called_________ (a) Newton (b) Blaise Pascal (c) Cramer (d) Laplace
3. The overall binomial is of the shape ______ (a) (a+b)n (b) (a+b)r (c) (a+b)! (d) aCb
4. The (r+1) time period within the growth of the binomial is named the ________ time period. (a) Easy (b) Tough (c) Binomial (d) Common.