BINOMIAL EXPANSION 1
SUBJECT: FURTHER MATHEMATICS
CLASS: SSS 1
WEEK FIVE
TOPIC: BINOMIAL EXPANSION 1
SUBTOPICS:
 Pascal triangle.
 Binomial growth of (a+b)^{n }, the place n might be constructive integer, destructive integer or fractional worth.
SUBTOPIC ONE
The Pascal’s triangle is a format for getting the coefficients of expansions. It applies to binomial and binomial fashioned from a decreased polynomial.
Contemplate the growth of every of the next:
(a+b)^{0}
(a+b)^{1}
(a+b)^{2}
(a+b)^{3}
(a+b)^{4}
(a+b)^{5}
By peculiar growth of algebraic phrases, we’ve:
(a+b)^{0} = 1
(a+b)^{1} = 1a + 1b
(a+b)^{2} = 1a^{2}+2ab+1b^{2}
(a+b)^{3} = 1a^{3}+3a^{2}b+3ab^{2}+1b^{3}
(a+b)^{4} = 1a^{4}+4a^{3}b+6a^{2}b^{2}+4ab^{3}+1b^{4}
(a+b)^{5} = 1a^{5}+5a^{4}b+10a^{3}b^{2}+10a^{2}b^{3}+5ab^{4}+1b^{5}
Contemplate the array of coefficients of a and b. We will show it as follows:
n (energy)
1 0
1 1 1
Row 1 2 1 2
1 3 3 1 3
1 4 6 4 1 4
1 5 10 10 5 1 5
We name the array of coefficients displayed above Pascal triangle named after the celebrated French Mathematician and Physicists Blaise Pascal (16231662) famous for his essay on conic part in 1640 and first invention of calculating machine in 1642.
Notice the next:
 A basic binomial is of the shape (a+b)^{n} .
 There are n + 1 phrases.
 The growth is homogenous i.e.the sum of the powers of a and b in every time period of the growth is n.
 As the facility of a descends (ranging from n until it reaches 0), the facility of b ascends (ranging from 0 until it reaches n) and vice versa.
Examples:
 Utilizing Pascal’s triangle, increase
Resolution:
Let n=4
1 4 6 4 1
Perceive that the index (energy) of descends as that of ascends.
 Use Pascal’s triangle to acquire the worth of (1.025)^{4}, appropriate to 3 decimal locations.
Class exercise
 .
SUBTOPIC 2
Binomial Enlargement of (a+b)^{n}
Binomial Theorem
^{n}c_{r }
^{n}c_{r }=
^{n}c_{r} = ^{n}c_{r}
The Binomial Theorem for a constructive Integral Index
If a and b are any numbers and n is a constructive integer, then
^{n}C_{0}a^{n}+^{n}C_{1}a^{n1}b+^{n}C_{2}a^{n2}b^{2}+…+^{n}C_{r}a^{nr}b^{r}+…^{n}C_{n}b^{n}
Notice:
 The variety of phrases within the growth is n+1. That’s yet another than the index of binomial.
 The (r+1) time period within the growth of the binomial is named the final time period and denoted by T_{r+1} =^{n}C_{r}a^{nr}b^{r}
The Binomial Theorem for Damaging and Fraction
When n will not be a constructive integer, the growth turns into
Supplied a is numerically lower than unit. That’s 1<< 1. Because of this the assorted coefficients can’t be expressed as ^{n}C_{0}, ^{n}C_{1}, ^{n}C_{2} and many others as a result of they don’t have any which means when n will not be a constructive integer.
Once more, the concept might be utilized solely when the primary time period of the binomial is unity. If not, the binomial should first be decreased to this way. For instance, to increase (t+a)^{n} must be put on this kind .
Examples:
^{ 4}C_{0 } +^{ 4}C_{1 } + ^{4}C_{2} + ^{4}C_{3 } + ^{4}C_{4}
=
 Broaden to 5 phrases.
Resolution:
Recall:
n = 3,
 Broaden to 4 phrases.
Resolution:
Notice the primary time period of the binomial will not be unity. Let’s scale back to the shape
n= ½,
Class exercise
 Decide the coefficient of from the growth of .
 Broaden to 5 phrases.
 Broaden to 3 phrases.
PRACTICE QUESTIONS
 Utilizing the binomial theorem, increase (1 + 2x)^{5}, simplifying all of the phrases. Therefore calculate the worth of (1.02)^{5} appropriate to 6 vital figures.
 If the primary three phrases of the growth of the growth of (1+px)^{5} in ascending powers of x are 1+20x+160x^{2} discover the values of n and p^{.}
 (a) Write down the binomial growth of (1+y)^{8}, simplifying all of the phrases.
(b) Utilizing the substitution y = x – x^{2} in (a), deduce the growth of (1+ x – x^{2})^{8} in ascending powers of x so far as the time period in x^{4}.
(c) Discover, by inspection, a price of x such that 1+ x – x^{2} = 1.09. Therefore, consider (1.09)^{8} appropriate to 3 decimal locations.
 Write down the binomial growth of , simplifying all its coefficients.
 Receive the primary 5 phrases of the growth of
ASSIGNMENT



 The _______ triangle is a format for getting the coefficient of expansions. (a) Binomial (b) rightangled (c) Pascal’s (d) array.
 Pascal’s triangle was named after the French Mathematician and Physicists called_________ (a) Newton (b) Blaise Pascal (c) Cramer (d) Laplace
 The overall binomial is of the shape ______ (a) (a+b)^{n } (b) (a+b)^{r } (c) (a+b)^{! }(d) ^{a}C_{b}
 The (r+1) time period within the growth of the binomial is named the ________ time period. (a) Easy (b) Tough (c) Binomial (d) Common.
 Broaden
 Broaden.

