COMMUNICATION, LANGUAGE AND LITERACY LESSONS
LETTERS AND WORDS
Instructional Materials :
- Wall Charts
Previous Knowledge :
The pupils have been taught
Print Concept Awareness
that was treated during the last lesson
Behavioural Objectives : At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to
- write from left to write
- write from top ti bottom
This lesson is a build up to the reading ability of the children. It is designed to help the children to understand the difference between a letter and a word. This is basically the ability of the children to identify individual written letters and words.
Once they are able to identify printed letters, they develop ability to identify entire words.
The entire developmental progression from letter awareness to word awareness to fluent reading is something that requires consistent practice.
A letter is a character that represents a sound used in speech. Let the children know that every letter has a sound. A group of letters is what makes a word.
We use words to speak. Words convey meaning
When the children are aware of this concept of print, they will understand that when adults read a book, what they say is linked to the words on the page not to the pictures.
They should be able to read the difference between a letter, a word and a sentence.
Not knowing letter names is related to children’s difficulty in learning letter sounds and in recognizing words. Children cannot understand and apply the alphabetic principle (understanding that there are systematic and predictable relationships between written letters and spoken sounds) until they can recognize and name a number of letters.
Write letters for the children to identify.
Write a word——— ask the children to count the number of letters in the word
Scatter the word, so each letter can stand on its own. Ask the children to tell you the names of all the letters that are scattered.
You can write a sentence and ask the children to circle like three words in the sentence. Mix up the sentence with single letters and words.
What is a letter?
A letter is one alphabet
Every letter has a sound.
‘a’ is a letter, ‘b’ is a letter, ‘c’ is a letter. The alphabet has 26 letters.
The topic is presented step by step
The class teacher revises the previous topics
He introduces the new topic
The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise
(after getting them to know this——- give them writing materials and ask
every child to write a letter for you. Allow them to do it by themselves so that you will know those that understood the lesson and those that did not)
Give the student a book and ask the following questions:
Can you show me:
the end of a sentence (punctuation mark)?
the front of the book?
the back of the book?
where I should start reading the story?
the title of the book?
how many words are in this sentence?
The class teacher goes round to make sure that the pupils are actually writing and he or she corrects them when and where the need arises