TERM : First Term Lesson Note And Scheme of Work

CLASS : Kindergarten One KG 1 

SUBJECT :Health Habits 






Previous lesson : Learners have been taught

Importance of good personal hygiene

in their previous lesson

BEHAVIOURAL OBJECTIVES : At the end of the lesson , student will be able to 
  • say what are germs
  • say how germs are spread
  • say how to keep ourselves healthy and free from germs





Germs are everywhere . They are very very tiny and yet they cause a very great havoc and damage . We must avoid germs by healthy healthy diet and food .

When children sneeze into their hands, pick their nose or play and you insist on them washing their hands, since it has germs, the kids will always look at their hands and tell you ‘there is no germ on my hand’.

So, it could be pretty hard explaining the concept of germs to the kids. But with kid’s friendly definition and practical exercises on hygiene, these kids will perfectly understand what germs means

Germs can enter into our bodies through our mouth , nose , hands or cut in our bodies . Germs are responsible for most infection and illness. Whenever they enter our body , they make us ill and sick .Although some germs or bacteria are good for the body because they help to break down the food that we eat . The white bloods cell serve as watch dogs of the body that alert us when germs enter into our bodies and they help us to fight infection .

Germs are tiny organisms that live on all things. Let them know that these germs can make them sick.

Let them know that the germs are so small that we cannot see them with our naked eyes except if we use magnifying lenses.

At this age, there won’t be need to tell them that the germs are bacteria or virus.

Let them just understand that when germs enter our body, we become sick. Tell them that Germs spread very fast which is why they have to maintain good personal hygiene so as to be free from germs.

Germs are so small that they can sneak into your body and you will not know until you become sick.

We must clean ourselves tidy and clean always so that we will not be attacked by germs and bacteria  . When we sneeze , we must cover our nose with our elbow and we must not huge or embrace or shake someone that is already ill and sick because we may be spreading germs and bacteria without knowing .





The topic is presented step by step

Step 1 : The class teacher revises the previous topic

Step 2 : The class teacher introduces the new topic

Step 3 : The class teacher allows the learner to give their own contributions and he or she corrects them when the needs arise



  • What are germs
  • Are germs dangerous
  • Can germs cause sickness
  • Are germs very very tiny
  • Can we see germs with our ordinary eyes
  • What can the white blood cell do to germs
  • can we be germ free by washing our hands


Class Activities 

Teacher : The class teacher will explain to the pupils what are germs 

  • RESPONSE: Germs are very tiny living things

That make us sick when they enter our body