Resources from Non-living Things Solid Minerals, their Location and Importance

 

FIRST TERM E-LEARNING NOTE

 

SUBJECT: BASIC SCIENCE 

 

CLASS: JSS 3

 

 

WEEK SEVEN

RESOURCES FROM NONLIVING THINGS (SOLID MINERALS)

CONTENT

  • Mineral Resources.
  • Some Mineral Resources, their Location and Uses.
  • General Importance of Mineral Resources.

 

MINERAL RESOURCES

Mineral resources are resources deposited in the earth crust for the benefit of man. A mineral can exist as a single element or as a compound. It could also be deposited in a solid or liquid state. Often, solid minerals are deposited in the earth as ore. An ore is a compound of a useful element that is found deposited in the earth.


 

Some mineral resources, their location and their uses in Nigeria are given below

Mineral resources Location Uses
Gold Bida(Niger), Ondo, katsina, kebbi, Used for decoration and making jewelry, coinage, currency etc.
Limestone Ogun, Gombe, Kaduna Used for making cement. Used as filter in paints.
Kaolin Kogi, Abia, Abuja, katsina Used for making ceramics and plates
Iron ore Plateau, Benue, Kogi, Anambra For making iron and steel. Also used for making alloys for various uses
Zinc Bauchi, Benue, Akwa-Ibom, Abia, Anambra For making roofing sheets.
Coal Enugu, Benue, kogi, Ondo Used as fuel, used industrially to produce coal gas and iron.
Dolomite Plateau, Oyo, Osun, Kwara For refractory furnace, building materials.
Lead Cross river, Benue, Bauchi, Used for making battery.
Tin Cross rivers, Kaduna, plateau, Kano For making decorative lanterns, coating of lead and steel containers to prevent corrosion.
Bitumen Ondo, Edo, Lagos. It is used for tarring roads.
Quartz Jigawa, katsina, kebbi, Niger, Osun, Oyo It is used in making glass and silica bricks; paint scouring, saops, sand paper, porcelain, paint.
Mica Plateau, Osun, Ogun, Kebbi, Cross river, Borno Used as electrical insulator, telephone condensers. Used as filters in production of tyres and tubes
Clay Almost all state of the federation. Used for building bricks, flower pots, floor tiles, fencing brickss
Glass sand Rivers, Niger, Ekiti, cross Rivers, Bayelsa, Abia It is used for making bottles, synthetic Mable and other glass wares.

 

MINERAL RESOURCES AND THEIR LOCATION IN NIGERIA

 

EVALUATION

  1. What are natural resources?
  2. What are mineral resources?
  3. State five mineral resources, their location and importance.

 

GENERAL IMPORTANCE OF MINERAL RESOURCE

  1. It serve as a source of income for the state and country.
  2. They are raw materials for industries.
  3. They are required construction of roads e.g. bitumen.
  4. They are used as source of fuel. E.g. coal.
  5. It brings about provision of employment and income for individuals.
  6. The availability of mineral resources makes life easier and more comfortable.
  7. The presence of mineral resources in a country brings fame to the country.

 

EVALUATION

State five general importance of solid minerals.

 

GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. List seven resources that can be gotten from animals.
  2. What are mineral resources?
  3. State seven mineral resources their location in Nigeria and uses.
  4. What are the benefits of solid minerals?
  5. What’s is abstinence?

 

READING ASSIGNMENT

Precious Seeds Basic Science for JSS three by J.O Otugboyega et al. Chapter 18 Pages 105-109

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. ____ is used for making cement Gold  B. Limestone  C. Coal  D. Petroleum
  2. Solid minerals create the following except job opportunity  B. machines  C. income  D. fame
  3. Bitumen is found in_____ Adamawa state  B. Bornu state C. Edo state  D. Taraba state
  4. Car batteries are made of ___ Salt B. Lead  C. Coal  D. Sand
  5. Roofing sheets are coated with Lead  B. Zinc  C. Coal  D. Diamond

 

 

THEORY

  1. Mention seven mineral resources, their location and their uses.
  2. Mention five uses of solid minerals.

 

 

 

 

Resources from Non-living Things: Solid Minerals, their Location and Importance

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