MEANING AND EXAMPLES OF COMMUNICABLE AND NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES

Subject :

PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION

Topic :

MEANING AND EXAMPLES OF COMMUNICABLE AND NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES

Class :

PRIMARY FIVE (5)

THIRD TERM

WEEK 8

LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Whiteboard/Chalkboard
  • Explanatory posters/pictures
  • Explanatory videos

 

Instructional Materials :

  • Lagos State Scheme of Work.
  • Online Materials.
  • Physical and Health Education for Primary Schools

Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have been taught

Sickness  and illness

in their previous lesson

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

At the end of this discussion in this unit, children should be able to know:

 

  1. Say the meaning and examples of communicable diseases.
  2. List examples of communicable diseases.
  3. Explain the meaning of non-communicable diseases.
  4. Write out examples of non-communicable diseases.

 

 

Content :

 

MEANING AND EXAMPLES OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASES

Communicable diseases are diseases that are easily transferred from one person to another through the process or means of transmission which are body contact , cough or drinking contaminated water . These diseases can be spread from one person to another. It can be transmitted through direct or indirect contact. When a person becomes sick with a communicable disease. It means that germs have invaded his body. It is always a good practice to wash our hand always with soap and water to prevent germs because germs are afraid of soap and water.

Examples of germs are: fungi, virus, and bacteria.

EXAMPLES OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASES

  1. Measles
  2. Rabies
  3. Ring worm
  4. Leprosy
  5. Cholera
  6. Chicken pox
  7. Tuberculosis
  8. HIV/AIDS
  9. STDS
  10. Whooping cough

MEANING AND EXAMPLES OF NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES

Non communicable diseases are diseases that you cannot transfer to another person. That is it cannot be gotten through body contact.

EXAMPLES OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASES

  1. Cancer
  2. Asthma
  3. Malaria
  4. Headache
  5. Heart diseases
  6. High blood pressure
  7. Sickle cell anemia
  8. Diabetes mellitus

Presentation

The topic is presented step by step

 

Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics

 

Step 2.

He introduces the new topic

 

Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise

 

Evaluation :

  • What are communicable diseases?
  • List three examples of communicable diseases.
  • What is non communicable disease?
  • List three examples of non-communicable diseases.

 

Conclusion :

 

The teacher summarize the lesson. He or she gives out a board summary of the topic as note . He or she goes round to mark and does the necessary corrections

 

 

 

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