Expressing congratulation



Subject : 

English Grammar

Term :

First Term


Week 2

Class :

Primary 5

Topic :

A. Speech Work: Expressing congratulation

B. Structure: Passage based on illustrating ‘when Adverbial structure

C. Reading: Teaching of new words meaning and Comprehension

D. Grammar: Passage based on illustrating when Adverbial structure in longer sentences

E. Writing: Exposition basic concept of drug abuse

F. Dictation: Selected words from the passage read

Previous lesson : 

The pupils have previous knowledge of

Writing: Composition involving expression of Personal opinion

that was taught in the previous topic



Behavioural objectives :

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • use different types of intonation
  • explain phrasal verbs
  • read and comprehend the content if the given comprehension passage
  • make use of proper speech work when expressing congratulation
  • make use of adverbial  structure in longer sentences
  • Write a very good exposition on the topic The basic concept of drug abuse


Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks



Class: Basic 5

Subject: English

Duration: 40 minutes




Speech Work: Expressing congratulation

Written greetings

When you send congratulations or sympathy to someone (saying you are sorry about some sad news involving them), you must use the correct style.

1 Use a formal style if the people are older, more important, or you do not know them.

2 Use an informal style if the person is young or you know them well.


Your aunt has had a baby. Write two letters of congratulations. The first is to your aunt, who you do not know well. The second is the same age to your cousin who is the same age as you and you know very well. You may use any of these sentences.


Congratulations on the birth of your baby.

Please accept my hearty congratulations.

I was very happy to hear about the birth of your baby.


Congratulations! What wonderful news!

I was thrilled to learn about your new baby.

I was very pleased to learn that you have had a baby.


Structure: Passage based on illustrating ‘when Adverbial structure

Adverbial clauses of time

Read this short passage carefully, noting how the words in blue have been used.


I am very fond of football and want to play in Europe when I am older. I know that

when you play football, you must practise a lot before you can play well.

As soon as my team is on the field, we shake hands with the other team. Immediately

we hear the referee’s whistle, the game starts and we play until we hear the whistle

to stop. After we have got back to the changing room, our teacher tells us when we

played well and when we played badly. Then we wash and afterwards we get on the

bus to go home.

All the underlined words are adverbs. They help to introduce adverbial clauses of

time, which show when an action takes place or when it will take place.


Fill in the gaps in these sentences using words from the box.

after before afterwards when immediately as soon as then until

1 I’ll phone you ____________ I get home from school.

2 Let’s do our homework now and ____________ we can watch television.

3 I worked ____________ dinner was ready.

4 I must finish this work ____________ Dad gets home.

5 Mum said that ____________ I have finished, I can go out to play.

6 I did my homework and ____________ I went out to play.

7 ____________ you have finished, will you help me, please?

8 When the bell rang, we ____________ walked into the class.


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