Forms of farm animals

Agricultural Science

Second  Term 



Basic 7  / JSS 1

Previous lesson : 

The pupils have previous knowledge of

Ecological distribution of crops/factors affecting distribution of crops in Nigeria (Map of Nigeria required).

that was treated in the previous class

TOPIC : Types of farm animals

Behavioural objectives :

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • give examples of various types of farm animals based on their uses on the farm
  • say the meaning of farm animals
  • say where farm animals can be found
  • explain the uses or usefulness of farm animals
  • give examples of animals that can be classified as farm animals



Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks


Content :





(i) Meaning of Farm Animals

(ii) Forms of Farm Animals

(iii) characteristics of farm animals.

Sub –Topic 1: Meaning of farm animals

Farm animals are animals that are reared by man for different purposes. Farm animals include goats, sheep. Rabbits, poultry, cattle, pigs fish, snails etc.

Forms of farm animals

1.Work Animals: These are animals that are used for work on the farm. they are used for carrying loads, ploughing, harrowing and ridging.

Examples of work animals are cattle e. g bullocks [Sokoto Gudali , White Fulani] , horses, camels and donkeys. These animals are referred to as beasts of burden.


 They are well built with good body conformation.

 They can survive or travel long distance without water.

 They are rugged and have very great strength.

2.Dairy Animals: These are animals reared purposely for milk production. Examples are cattle[White Fulani, Sokoto Gudali Red Bororo]; Goats[Nubian goats, Jumnapari and surti of Indian]. Milk provides protein vitamins and minerals.


 They are lean and have angular form of body.

 They have well developed mammary gland system.

 They have high food conversion efficiency for production of milk.

3.Guard Animals: These are animals domesticated or tamed and used for protecting life and properties from danger .

Examples are dogs, parrot, cat etc.


 They are easily controlled.

 Most of them are of an average size.

 They can be trained snd tamed to suit our purpose e.g security.

 They are sensitive to human behavior.








The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.





Explain the following with examples

[I ]Guard animals

[ii] Dairy animals.



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