Uses of farm animals


Agricultural Science





First Term




Grade 7  / JSS 1



Previous lesson : 

The pupils have previous knowledge of


Breeds of farm animals, e.g. Cattle, Goat, Sheep, Pig, Poultry, Rabbit.


that was treated in the previous class



TOPIC : Uses Of Farm Animals 


Behavioural objectives :

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

1 say the uses of farm animals 






Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks




Content :


TOPIC: Distribution of Farm Animals and Factors Affecting the Distribution

of Farm Animals in Nigeria.

Content: (1) The Distribution of Farm Animals

(2) Factors Affecting the Distribution of Farm Animals.

Sub-Topic 1: Distribution of farm animals in Nigeria.

Many Farm animals commonly reared by farmers are found in different parts of the nation, due to some factors that favoured their growth and development.

Below shows the major farm animals and the state where they are majorly found.

Cattle Kano , sokoto ,Kaduna
Goats/sheep Northern states and some other parts of the nation e.g oyo, ondo, Ekiti
Poultry Most of the major cities in the nation
Fish States with large water bodies
Pigs Most southern states e.g Edo, Delta, Rivers and other places where the weather is conducive
Rabbits Cities where poultry are successfully reared.

Sub-Topic 2: Factors Affecting the Distribution of Farm Animals in Nigeria

The most important factors affecting the distribution of farm animals in Nigeria include

(1)Culture of the people

(2) Climate

(3) Availability of natural pasture

(4) Religion of the people

(5) Incidence of pests and diseases.

Culture of the People: Animal rearing is a common occupation of families in the northern part of Nigeria. Most of the cattle, sheep and goats are from the north. That means that the northern Nigeria farmers have a culture of animal rearing.

Climate: Climate is the average weather condition of a place over a long period of time. Climatic factors such as rainfall, temperature, light, wind and relative humidity determines the type and number of farm animals in a particular place. For instance in the north, where rainfall and relative humidity is low, cattle, goats and sheep are better reared than any other part. Much rainfall in the south increases the spread of pests and diseases and consequently affects animal production.

Religion of the people: Religion is also an important factor in the distribution of farm animals. For instance, goats and rams are more abundant in the northern and western parts of Nigeria where most of the Muslim live. They use these animals for festivals. Muslim religion forbids the eating of pigs. So, pigs are not common in the north where the Muslims are in large population.

Availability of natural pasture: Natural pasture are grasses used to feed cattle, goats and sheep. These grasses are more in the north and as such favored the rearing of those animals.

Incidence of pests and diseases: Tsetse fly which a carrier of the parasite, trypanosome which cause the disease known as trypanosomisisss is prevalent in the south. much rainfall and big trees in the south contribute to the increase of tsetse fly.

Evaluation (a) Why are cattle commonly found in the north?

(b) Name 4 weather elements that are responsible for the distribution of farm animals in Nigeria

(c) Why are aquatic animals reared mostly in the southern part of Nigeria?

(d) Mention one state where the following animals are mostly reared (i) goats (ii)fish (iii) bull (iv)fowl




The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.





  1. Which of these farm is not majorly reared in the northern states?

(a) fowl (b) pigs (c) goats (d) sheep

  1. Which of these farm animals is affected mostly by tsetse fly bite? (a) goats (b) sheep (c) pigs (d) cattle
  2. One of the following animals can be reared in many cities of the nation, Nigeria. (a) poultry (b) goats (c) cow (d) pigs
  3. Trypanosomiasis is a disease that is among the cattle reared in the ———- (a) East (b) West (c) South (d) North.
  4. Availability of grasses favours the rearing of ———-

(a) pigs (b) cattle (c) fish (d) rabbits.


  1. Name 5 farm animals and write their major producing states.
  2. Give 4 reasons why some farm animals are found majorly in the south and while others are found majorly in the North.


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