First Aids

PRY 3 PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION ( PHE ) FIRST TERM LESSON RESOURCES

1ST TERM E-NOTE

WEEK 3

Topic: First Aids

Subtitle: First Aids

Learning Objectives: At the end of this this lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Describe first aid
  2. List qualities of a first aid giver
  3. List content of first aid box

Resources and materials:

Scheme of work

Online information

Instructional material: charts

Building Background/connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes.

CONTENT

First aid is the first and immediate assistance given to any person suffering from either a minor or serious illness or injury, with care provided to preserve life, prevent the condition from worsening, or to promote recovery.

In other cases, first aid consists of the care provided to someone with a minor injury. For example, first aid is often all that’s needed to treat minor burns, cuts, and insect stings.

When you provide basic medical care to someone experiencing a sudden injury or illness, it’s known as first aid.

Qualities of a first aid giver

Effective first aid is more than just technical skills, it is also about an individual’s people skills, ability to work under pressure and common sense.

  1. Good communication skills
  2. Ability to work in a team
  3. Ability to work under pressure
  4. Leadership
  5. Knowledge of their own risk

Essential content of the first aid box and their uses

  1. A box of adhesive dressing (Plasters) of different sizes for covering small wounds. A roll of plaster (Cloth backed, plasticized or micro-pore tape). Blunt-ended scissors for cutting bandage of plaster.
  2. Antiseptic lotion to use with the cotton wool and antiseptic wipes.
  3. Cotton wool for cleaning cuts and gauzes.
  4. Some triangular bandages to several safety pins for making a sling or emergency bandage.
  5. Sterile dressings (field dressings) of various sizes for covering wounds. Sterile eye dressings with bandage attached for eye injuries.
  6. Aspirin or paracetamol preferably sealed in foil to give longer life.
  7. Anti-histamine cream for insect bites and stings.
  8. Tweezers for removing splinters.
  9. Tubular gauze bandages for finger injuries and applicator tongs.
  10. Two or three crepe or conforming bandages for sprains and for wounds in awkward places such as elbows and ankles.

 

Strategies& Activities:

Step1: Teacher revises the previous topic.

Step2: Teacher introduces the new topic.

Step3: Teacher explains the new topic.

Step4: Teacher welcomes pupils’ questions.

Step5: Teacher evaluates the pupils.

Assessment & Evaluation:

  1. Explain first aid
  2. List three content of a first aid box

WRAP UP(CONCLUSION) Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.

Assignment:

1. List two qualities of a first aid giver

2 . Draw a first aid box.

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