FIRST AID TREATMENT

Subject : Social Studies

 

Topic :

FIRST AID TREATMENT

 

Class :

Primary  3 / Basic 3

 

Term :

2nd Term / Second Term

 

Week :

Week 6

 

Instructional Materials :

  • Lagos State Scheme of Work
  • Textbooks On Social Studies
  • Online Materials
  • Picture Charts

 

 

Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have been taught

Prevention of road accidents

in their previous lesson

 

Behavioural Objectives :  At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

 

 

1 say the meaning of first aid.

2 identify at least five objects or items that can be found in a first aid box.

3 describe how simple first aid could be applied to an injured person.

4 mention at least five people that can apply first aid.

 

 

Content

First aid is the immediate medical help given to a person or victim of an accident before such a person is taken to the hospital for proper treatment.

 

Reasons for giving first aid

We give first aid for the following reasons:

1 To save life.

2 To prevent further injury.

3 To speed up recovery.

4 To help injured person to get a doctor.

5 To relieve the victim of pain.

 

What are the Items that can be found in a first aid box

To be able to give help as soon as an accident or sudden illness occurs, a first aid box must be available. First aid box must be kept in every home, school, work place and even in vehicles.

First aid box is a box that contains all the necessary materials for first aid.

 

 

How first aid can be applied to an injured person

 

1 Wear your gloves.

 

2 Clean the wound with antiseptic and cotton wool.

 

3 Cover the wound with plaster or bandage.

4 Give the victim pain reliever like paracetamol.

5 Allow the person to rest for a few minutes.

6 Take the person to the nearest health centre or hospital.

 

People who can apply first aid

There are people in the society that can apply first aid. They include the following:

1 Our parents at home.

2 Our teachers in the school.

3 Adults around the accident scene.

4 Members of the Red Cross Society. Red Cross Society is a voluntary organization that was founded to protect human lives and health

 

in case of any emergency. The members are trained to give first aid. Jean Henri Dunant, a Swiss, was the founder of the Red Cross Movement.

 

5 Members of Federal Road Safety Corps. This is also an agency in charge of maintaining safety of lives on the road. They are also trained to give first aid.

 

6 Health workers in sports.

 

 

 

Presentation

The topic is presented step by step

 

Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics

 

Step 2.

He introduces the new topic

 

Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise

 

Evaluation :

 

 

A Choose the best answers for the following questions.

1 The immediate help given to a person who has an

accident before taking him to the hospital is called _______.

A medical treatment B drugs C first aid

2 Someone who has an accident is called a ______________.

A victim B criminal C first aider

3 We give first aid to ______________.

A get money B prevent further injury

C add more

4 We can keep the first aid box in ______________.

A our vehicles B the school C both A and B

5 Iodine is used to treat ______________.

A someone who has dislocation

B someone who has a cut

C someone who has a headache

6 An example of disinfectants is ______________.

A robb B paracetamol C Dettol

7 The type of scissors that could be found in a first aid box is

______________.

A tailoring scissors B bandage scissors

C medical scissors

8 ______________ cannot be found in a first aid box.

A Injection B Plaster C A pair of scissors

9 Vaseline in a first aid box is used for ______________.

A treating stomach-ache B treating headache

C treating minor burns and scalds

10 Cotton wool is used for ______________.

A cleaning wounds B cutting plasters

C covering hand during medical examination

Conclusion :

The class teacher gives out ó brief note that is based on the topic that has just been taught.

 

Assignment :

 

Meaning of culture

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