Modern Toilet facilities

Subject : Social Studies


Topic :

Modern Toilet facilities


Class :

Primary  3/ Basic 3


Term :

3rd Term / Third Term


Week :

Week 10


Instructional Materials :

  • Lagos State Scheme of Work
  • Textbooks On Social Studies
  • Online Materials
  • Picture Charts



Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have been taught

Community Sanitation  

in their previous lesson


Behavioural Objectives :  At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • explain the meaning of toilet
  • say the importance of modern water closet toilet facility






Modern Toilet facilities

The water closet (Wc)

The water closet is a ceramic sanitary ware product which is used as a toilet. This kind of toilets is more hygiene and easy to clean. The Toilet which is designed to sit is known as water closets. Usually Sitting height of the water closet will be 400mm(16 inches) from the ground.


Various parts of water closet and how it works.

There are really only two main toilet tank parts: the toilet flush valve, which lets water gush into the bowl during the flush; and the fill valve, which lets water refill the tank after the flush. When a toilet runs constantly or intermittently, one of these valves is usually at fault.



It’s maintenance and repairs.

Cleaning and Maintenance


Like all heavy-use fixtures in your home, your toilet requires continuous cleaning and maintenance. Follow these simples steps:


  1. Put on your cleaning gloves—your toilet is a haven for bacteria!


  1. Moisten sponge with hot water and wipe off grime around the tank, lid, seat, base, and exterior of the bowl.


  1. Apply a specially formulated cleaner to the interior of the bowl and let it soak in for a few minutes. Scrub off grime with a brush, using water from the bowl to activate suds. We recommend cleaning the toilet bowl manually and on a regular basis instead of using in-tank tablet cleaners. These tablets often cause erosion to gaskets and washers that keep your fixture running properly.


  1. Flush the toilet. Continue to scrub as the water drains from the bowl. This will rinse the bowl and brush at the same time.


  1. Clean the rest of your toilet with disinfectant spray. Be sure to clean the handle thoroughly, as this is a place where germs can spread.


Toilet Cleaning and Maintenance Troubleshooting

Sometimes a regular clean will not get the job done. Maybe there is a more serious underlying issue. If your toilet has been working fine but suddenly flushes or drains slowly, chances are you are dealing with a clog. First, open the tank and check the water level. Is the water level lower than normal? A low water level means there may not be enough water to initiate the siphoning action that pushes water through the bowl. To add water to the tank, bend the float arm up slightly and allow water up to 11/2 inches of the top.


If the clog persists, look for other causes of poor flushing. Sometimes the small ports around the underside of the toilet bowl’s rim can clog with build-up from chemicals in the water. Simply use a coat hanger or screw driver to remove any debris. As always, it is best to call your friends at Baker Brothers to assist with any unmanageable toilet troubles.



When is it time to buy a new toilet altogether? When your repair costs outweigh replacement costs, it is time to consider a new purchase. If you are experiencing recurring clogs and constantly pulling out hairs, plunging your toilet on a regular basis, perhaps it’s time to upgrade. A crack in the bowl of the toilet that is causing excessive leaking and poor flushing is also a good reason to start anew. Even small leaks can result in long term floor damage for your bathroom. For your next purchase, be sure to select a water saving toilet. Not only will you help the environment by conserving water with every flush, but also you will notice an improvement in your water bill.


A healthy toilet is one that is maintained and cared for. Keep your bathroom clean, but also take time to check-up on your toilet from time to time

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Road Accident 







The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise


Evaluation :

  • What is sanitation 
  • What is traditional sanitation 
  • Mention three problems of sanitation 
  • Mention two reasons why it is necessary to give first aid treatment to an injured person 


Conclusion :

The class teacher gives out ó brief note that is based on the topic that has just been taught.


Assignment :


Advantages of modern toilets.

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