Living things and Non living things .State of Matter

Matter is anything that has weight and occupies space

FIRST TERM E-LEARNING NOTE

SUBJECT: BASIC SCIENCE CLASS: JSS1

Term : First Term

Week: Week 1

Class : JSS 1

Previous lesson : The pupils have previous knowledge of various topics that were taught in primary school 

Topic :Living thing and non-living thing (I)

Behavioural objectives :

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • explain what living things are
  • say the characteristics of living things
  • give examples of living things
  • define matter
  • explain the three state of matters

 

Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation

 

Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks
  • Precious seed BASIC SCIENCE FOR JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS BOOK 1
  • NIGERIAN BASIC SCIENCE PROJECT BOOK ONE,

 

Content :

TOPIC: LIVING THING AND NON LIVING THING (I)

CONTENT

  • MEANING OF MATTER
  • IDENTIFICATION OF MATTER
  • CLASSIFICATION OF MATTER

MEANING OF MATTER

Matter is anything that has mass and occupies space. All things that exist are all matter.

Matter can be living things such as plants and animals, it can also be non- living things e.g. stones, tables, spoons, papers, etc.

NOTE: Living things are matters that have life in them, while non- living things are matter that have no life in them.

IDENTIFICATION OF MATTER

Matter can be identified based on the following criteria

1.Life in them

2. Colour

3. Size

4.Shape

5. Taste

The above are properties of matter which can be used to identify them.

Let’s take SUGAR and IRON as examples.

Sugar is a white crystalline solid which dissolves in water and tastes sweet, while IRON is metallic lustre. It can get rusted in the presence moisture and gives reddish deposit.

STATE OF MATTER

Matter can exist in three states, namely:

1. Solid

2. Liquid

3. Gas

The fundamental difference between these three states of matter is the degree of movement of their particles.

SOLID

  1. The particles are closely packed and held firmly together by forces of cohesion.
  2. The force of cohesion determines the strength of restriction of movement of particles.
  3. The particles can only vibrate and rotate about a fixed position.
  4. Solids have definite shape and are difficult to compress.

LIQUID

  1. The particles are slightly further apart than in solids.
  2. The particles vibrate, rotate and translate.
  3. Their movement are restricted.
  4. They have volume but have no definite shape, instead assume the shape of the container in which they are placed.
  5. Liquid are difficult to compress.

GASES

  1. The particles are further spaced apart than in liquid.
  2. Gases vibrate, rotate and translate with more particles.
  3. Gas is  free to move in all directions at great speed.
  4. The particles are restricted by the wall of the container.
  5. Gases have no definite shape.
  6. They occupy the whole volume of their container.
  7. Gases are easily compressed.

 

PARTICULATE MATTER

Matter is made up of discrete particles. When a substance is heated, its particles acquire more kinetic energy, while when cooled; they lose kinetic energy and become less energetic. Matter can change its state when heated to a particular temperature. Change of state is brought about by heating or cooling. A given substance can exist as solid, liquid and gas.

STATE OF MATTER

Solid

 

Liquid

 

Gas

The main particles of matter are:

  1. Atom
  2. Molecules
  3. Ions

 

 

 

 

Presentation

 

The topic is presented step by step

 

Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics

 

Step 2.

He introduces the new topic

 

Step 3:

The class teacher allows  corrects the pupils when and where   the needs arise .

 

 

Conclusion

The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.

 

Evaluation

  • Explain the three states of matter
  • Mention five non living things
  • Write out ten examples of living things
  • Give two main classifications of matter with four examples each.
  • What  is matter?
  • List five properties of matter by which they can be identified
  • Give five examples of matter in your environment that can be identified by using colour.
  • State four properties of solid, liquid and gas.
  • What are the particles of matter?
  • Name the three states of matter.
  • State three properties for each of the states of matter.
  • Name the three states of matter.
  • State three properties for each of the states of matter.
  • What are the particles of matter?
  • Give two main classifications of matter with four examples each.

 

Assignment

 

  1. Matter can broadly be classified into——–and ———–[a] monkey and birds [b] living things and non-living things [c] living things and man [d] non-living things and table.
  2. Examples of living things are the following except———–[a] bird [b] goat [c] grass [d] plastics
  3. All of the following can be compressed except———– [a] oxygen [b] hydrogen [c] carbon dioxide [d] water
  4. In which of the following is the kinetic energy of particles of matter is greatest? [a] gas [b] liquid [c] solid [d] stone
  5. The process whereby a substance in solid state changes directly to gaseous state is known as———— [a] freezing [b] sublimation [c] melting [d] cooling
  6. In a tabular form, give four differences between solid, liquid and gaseous substances.
  7. Write briefly on atom, molecules and ions.
  8. State on item that can exit in the three state of matter which are solid , liquid and gas
  9. What state of matter is fire
  10. Are all living things examples of matter

 

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