PRY 5 1ST TERM AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE FIRST TERM

 

PRY 5 1ST TERM AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

 

SCHEME OF WORK

 

FIRST TERM WEEK TOPICS

  1. Revision of difficult topics in primary four
  2. Soil formation
  3. Agents of soil formation
  4. Processes of soil formation
  5. Classification of crops and their uses Classification according to forms
  6. Classification according to life span
  7. Classification according to uses and types
  8. . Classify the following crops according to their form uses and life span.
  9. Classification of Animals (Live stock)
  10. Classifications based on mode of feeling
  11. Classification based on where they live
  12. Classification based on their uses
  13. Revision of the year’s work

 

 

TOPIC: CLASSIFICATION OF CROPS AND THEIR USES

BEHAVIOURAL OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Name three ways by which we can classify crops
  2. What are perennial crops? Give examples
  3. Classify these crops according to their forms: maize, beans, water-leaf, soya beans, cassava, pepper and cocoa.
  4. Classify the crops according to their uses.
  5. Classify the crops according to their lifespan.

Instructional Materials:

A chart showing all farm tools Pepper

Maize Beans Water leaf

 

WEEK 6

Classification according to Lifespan

Crops can be grouped according to their life span as follows: annuals, biennials and perennials.

Annuals

These are plants that perform their entire life cycle from seed to flower to seed within a single growing season. All roots, stems and leaves of the plant die annually. Examples are lettuce, and spinach

Annual crops are crops that grow and live for about one year. Many vegetables belong to this group. Examples include tomato, amaranthus, okra, onion and carrot. Other crops in this group are yam, maize, rice, groundnut, millet, garden egg, sorghum, cassava and potato.

Biennials

These are plants which require two years to complete their life cycle. Examples are onions, carrot, and cabbage

Biennial crops are crops that live for two years after germination and produce seeds or fruits in the second year. Examples are castor oil, pepper, alligator pepper, plantain, banana, sugarcane, pineapple and pawpaw.

Perennials

These are crops that persist for many growing seasons. Examples are cashew trees, palm trees, and banana trees.

Perennial crops are plants or crops that live and produce for more than two years after germination. Examples of such crops are the oil palm, cocoa, mango, citrus, guava and kola.

WEEK 7&8

Classification according to Uses and Types

There are many classes of crops depending on their types and uses. These are cereals, legumes, tubers, vegetables, fruits, beverages, oils, drugs, spices, latex and sugar crops.

Cereals

These are plants that are grown to produce grains used for food by man and animals. They are mostly in the form of grasses. Examples of cereals are maize, rice, millet, guinea corn, sorghum and wheat.

Examples are

    • Millet
    • Rice
    • Sorghum Uses
    • As raw materials for industries
    • For feeding domestic animals.
    • For making starch.
    • As pap for meal, especially breakfast.
    • Roasted, boiled, and eaten, e.g. maize.
    • Cooked as food, e.g. rice.
    • For making flour used in baking bread and producing biscuits, e.g. wheat.

Legumes

These are plants of the beans family. They produce pods that bear seeds in rows. The pods are split into two along their lengths when dry to bring out the seeds. Examples are cowpea, soya bean, green beans and pigeon pea.

Uses

Some are used for making animal feed.

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Some are used for preparing babies’ food.

Some can be prepared into flour for baking bread. Some can be ground and fried as balls, e.g. akara balls.

Legumes can be boiled, eaten alone or eaten with other food items.

Examples are:

    • Beans
    • Soy beans

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Tubers

Tubers are the roots of some crops, e.g. cassava, and the stems of other crops,

e.g. yam. They grow inside the soil. Uses

Some can be processed into starch for use in industries. Cassava can be processed into garri for food.

Some can be fried as chips for food.

Some can be prepared into flour meal, e.g. amala (yam) and foofoo

(cassava).

Some can be pounded and eaten with soup.

Yam and cassava can be boiled or roasted for food.

Examples

    • Yam
    • Potato
    • cassava

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Vegetables

Vegetables are mostly annual crops that we eat their leaves, fruits or roots as food. Examples are amaranthus, cabbage, tomato, okra, pepper, carrot and onion.

Examples:

    • Okra
    • Tomatoes
    • Cabbage

. USES

They can be eaten raw or used in making salad. Their leaves and fruits are used for preparing soup. They can be processed into fruit juices and drinks.

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Beverages

These are crops grown for the purpose of producing food drinks as their end product. Examples are tea, coffee and cocoa

Examples are tea and coffee

USES

Some beverage crops are used for making chocolate. Beverage crops are used for preparing food drinks.

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Drugs

Examples are opium and coca leaves

Spices

Examples are pepper and ginger FRUIT CROPS

These are crops grown for the purpose of producing fruits for man and

animals. Examples of such fruit crops are citrus, mango, guava, pear, banana, plantain, pineapple and pawpaw.

ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION

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  1. Name three ways by which we can classify crops
  2. What are perennial crops? Give examples
  3. Classify these crops according to their forms: maize, beans, water-leaf, soya beans, cassava, pepper and cocoa.
  4. Classify the crops according to their uses.
  5. Classify the crops according to their lifespan.

WRAP UP (CONCLUSION): Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.

ASSIGNMENT

. Classify the crops in (3) above according to their lifespan Classify the crops in (3) above according to their uses.

Classify these crops according to their forms: maize, beans, water-leaf, soya beans, cassava, pepper and cocoa.

What are perennial crops? Give two examples. Name three ways by which we can classify crops.

WEEK 9

TOPIC: CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMALS (LIVESTOCK)

BEHAVIOURAL OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Name five farm animal
  2. State the product obtained from farm animals
  3. Give examples of ruminant animals
  4. Give examples of non ruminant animals
  5. Name animals used as beast of burden. Instructional Materials:

A chart showing all types of farm animals.

Reference Materials

Lagos state scheme of work, Online information Relevant materials

Pupils textbook

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Behavioral Objectives: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes.

CONTENT

Classification OF FARM ANIMALS

Farm animals (livestock) can be classified based on four major things: their mode of feeding, their mode of breeding, i.e. how they produce young ones, their habitats, i.e. where they live, and their uses

CLASSIFICATION OF FARM ANIMALS BASED ON MODE OF FEEDING

There are two classes of animals under this mode of classification: ruminants and non-ruminants.

Ruminants

Ruminant are animals that chew the cud.

These farm animals feed mostly on grass. They are called ruminants because they have four stomachs and they chew the cud. What that means is that the animals eat fresh grass, store it in one of their four stomachs and later bring it back into the mouth to chew again before finally swallowing it.

Examples of such animals are sheep, goat and cow.

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Examples are:

    • Cow
    • Goat
    • Sheep

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Non-ruminants

Non-ruminants are animals that do not chew the cud.

There are other animals that feed more on tubers, grains, beans and fruits. These animals are called non-ruminants because they have a single stomach and do not chew the cud. Examples of such animals are poultry, pigs and rabbits

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Examples are:

    • Pig
    • Chicken
    • horse WEEK 10

Classification of farm animals based on mode of breeding

Breeding means the way farm animals produce their young ones. Some animals produce their young ones alive and in their own shape and form. They provide breast milk for their young ones when they are born. Examples are the cow, sheep, goat, pig, rabbit and the horse

Other farm animals produce their young ones by laying eggs. The eggs later hatch into young ones. Examples are poultry and fish.

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WEEK 11

Classification based on where they live

The habitat of an animal is its natural home. Most farm animals live on land. They feed and breed there. Examples are the cow, pig, poultry and cattle.

Some other farm animals live in water. They feed and breed there. An example is fish.

So, based on classification according to habitat, there are two classes of farm animals: land-living and water-living animals.

Land living

These are animals that live on land. Examples are:

    • Goat
    • Sheep
    • Cow

Water living

These are animals that live in water. Examples:

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    • Fish
    • alligators
    • hippopotamuses
    • penguins WEEK 12

Classification based on Uses

Milk (Diary) producers

These are animals that produce milk. An example is cattle.Some animals supply us with milk. Examples are cow and goat

Meat producers

These are animals that are reared to produce meat. Examples are goat, cow and broilers( chicken).

The flesh of some farm animals serves as good meat for man. Examples are cow (beef), goat, fish, sheep and poultry.

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Egg producers

Some animals are reared to produce eggs. Examples are chicken(layers) and quail.

Some farm animals supply us with eggs. Examples are the fowl, duck and the goose. The eggs can be eaten cooked or fried. Eggs are also used in baking

Work (beast of burden)

These are used to carry load. Examples are donkey and ox.

Farm animals that are used to do heavy work on the farm are also called beasts of burden.

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Other farm animals are used for carrying goods, e.g. farm produce and people from one place to another. Examples of such animals are the donkey and the horse.

Some farm animals are used to do work on the farm, such as cultivating the soil, planting and weeding. Examples of such animals are oxen and bullocks.

ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION

  1. Name five farm animal
  2. State the product obtained from farm animals
  3. Give examples of ruminant animals
  4. Give examples of non ruminant animals
  5. Name animals used as beast of burden.

WRAP UP (CONCLUSION): Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.

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ASSIGNMENT

Name two animals used as beasts of burden. Name one farm animal that lives inside water. Give two examples of non-ruminant animals. Give two examples of ruminant animals.

State one product each obtained from these animals. Name five farm animals.

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