WHY GOD SHOWS US MERCY

CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS STUDIES SECOND TERM E – NOTES FOR BASIC FIVE

WEEK TOPIC

  1. GOD SHOWS MERCY TO US
  2. THE NEED TO BE MERCIFUL TO OTHERS
  3. GOD SAVES HIS PEOPLE
  4. GOD USES PEOPLE TO SAVE OTHERS
  5. THE PENTECOST
  6. THE HOLY SPIRIT INSPIRES US
  7. THE HOLY SPIRIT GUIDED US TO THE TRUTH
  8. THE HOLY SPIRIT GUIDES US TO THE TRUTH CONT.
  9. THE FRUIT OF THE HOLYSPIRIT
  10. REVISION

Class:- Basic 5

Subject:- Christian Religious Studies

Week:- 1

Topic: God shows us mercy.

Behavioral objective:- By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. Define mercy

2. State the reasons God shows us mercy

Instructional material/Reference material:- Learn Africa Christian Religious Studies UBE edition for primary school book 5, picture, chart.

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students are familiar with the meaning of mercy

CONTENT

GOD SHOWS MERCY TO US

What is mercy?

Mercy means the willingness to forgive rather than revenge or punish. Mercy helps us to show kindness and pity towards those who suffer. Jesus teaches us to have mercy on others and even those who have wronged us. Mercy simply means the ability and willingness to have pardon on those who offend us. We must forgive instead of taking revenge. As children our parents can do us bad. Also our classmates or schoolmates may wrong us. We need to forgive and show them mercy. In the Lord’s Prayer we are to forgive so that our heavenly father will also forgive us.

One day, peter asked Jesus how often should he forgive if his brother continue to sin against him. He wanted to know if it should be seven times. Jesus replied, ‘I do not say up to seven times but seventy times seven. That is, four hundred and ninety times in a single day. This is not practicable. What Jesus was teaching us here is that we should have mercy always without keeping record of wrongs that people do to us.

God’s mercy on us

Jesus taught us many parables on how God shows mercy on us. God is loving, kind and merciful. He always has mercy when we come to him in humility.

Jesus’ teaching on mercy and forgiveness was brought out in the parable of the prodigal son. Jesus also had an encounter with Mathew, the tax collector.

The story of the prodigal son

In a certain city, a man had two sons. One day the younger son demanded for his own share of the father’s wealth. His father was surprised. He said that inheritance was not to be shared until after a man died. The son would not listen to his father. Eventually the father gave him his own share. Afterwards he travelled to a far away country. Not long after, he lavished and wasted everything he collected from his father. He later became very poor and helpless.

Suddenly, there was famine in the city. The prodigal son had to work in a swine yard. His condition was so bad that he wanted to eat from the pigs’ food. One day he came to his senses and said,

‘I will arise and go to my father and I will say to him, father I have sinned against heaven and before you. I am no longer fit to be taken as your son, treat me as one of your servants. ‘He went back home. From a far distance, his father saw him and ran to him; he kissed him and asks his servants to put a ring, new clothes and sandals on him.

The acceptance of the prodigal son by his father shows how God would have mercy on us.

WHY GOD SHOWS US MERCY

  1. God shows us mercy because He loves us.
  2. He shows us mercy for the sake of His son Jesus who died for us and redeemed us from evil and sin.
  3. He shows us mercy because He is our father and we are His dear children

Evaluation:-

  1. Explain the meaning of mercy?
  2. Mercy helps us to show ____________
  3. How often should we forgive our brother?
  4. List two reasons why God shows us mercy

Class:- Basic 5

Subject:- Christian Religious Studies

Week:- 2

Topic: God shows us mercy — parable of the unforgiving debtors.

Behavioral objective:- By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. Define mercy

2. State the reasons God shows us mercy

3. Narrate the story of the unforgiving servant .

Instructional material/Reference material:- Learn Africa Christian Religious Studies UBE edition for primary school book 5, picture, chart.

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students havr learnt about the mercy of God in the previous lesson

CONTENT

GOD SHOWS US MERCY – PARABLE OF THE UNFORGIVING DEBTOR

Jesus told us the following story to teach us on the need to have mercy on others. There was a king who wishes to settle accounts with his servants. The first servant that was brought to him owed him ten thousand talents which he neither could not pay. The king order that he should be sold together with all he had including his wife and his children so as to pay him back. The servant begged the king and the king had mercy on him.

That servant left the presence of the king and went to another fellow servant who owed him a hundred penny. He held him by the throat and insisted that he should pay him the money. The fellow servant begged him but he refused to listen, rather, he asked that he should be put in prison till he could pay the money. When the other servant saw this they reported him to the king. when the king learnt of his wicked act, he handed the servant to the jailers and ordered that he should not be released until he had paid up the money he owed the king.

Moral lessons1 We must always forgive so that our heavenly father can forgive us.2 like the prodigal son who went back home to make it right with his father, when we offend people and God, we should not delay making it right with them.Remember

1 The prodigal son realizes his mistakes and retraced his steps.

2 Jesus ate with Matthew and other tax collectors. This is a proof that he has come to save sinners. Jesus does not discriminate.

3 The wicked servant was paid back in his own coin because he refused to forgive his own debtor.Evaluation:-

  1. What is mercy?
  2. Why does God show us mercy?
  3. Narrate the story of the unforgiving debtor

Class:- Basic 5

Subject:- Christian Religious Studies

Week:- 3 and 4

Topic: God saves His people

Behavioral objective:- By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. Narrate the story of David and Goliath.

uctional material/Reference material:- Learn Africa Christian Religious Studies UBE edition for primary school book 5, picture, chart.

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students are familiar with the story of Dsvid and Goliath

CONTENT

GOD SAVES HIS PEOPLE ( 1 SAMUEL 17:32-51)

STORY OF DAVID AND GOLIATH

Guide to Bible passages

Exodus 1:1–12; 2:1–10; 3:1–5; Numbers 27: 15–23; 1 Samuel 17: 32–35; Judges 13; 4

How God saves his people

God cared deeply about his people’s welfare. He is concerned about what happens to his people and is protective of them. Over and over again, God has shown that he not only cares for his people, but that he is ready to deliver them from harm, danger and trouble. There are many stories in the Bible that tell of God saving his people from trouble. For four hundred years, the Israelites, Jacob’s descendants, were slaves in Egypt. They were so badly treated by their Egyptian masters that they began to cry out to God. God heard their cries and sent Moses to deliver them from slavery in Egypt and to bring them to another land which was very prosperous—A place where they would no longer be slaves but free men.When Israel was oppressed by the Philistine enemies who made their lives miserable, God helped a man called Manoah and his wife to finally be able to have a son. They named this son, Samson. God blessed Samson and gave him the type of strength that could defeat anything – whether it was an animal or a person. God used Samson to deliver the Israelites from the Philistines.

At another time, when it looked like the Israelite army under king Saul’s leadership was going to be defeated and disgraced by Goliath, the giant Philistine, God stirred up a young boy’s heart to accept the challenge to fight Goliath on behalf of Israel. The young boy’s name was David. With God’s help David defeated and killed Goliath and the rest of the Israelite army pursued the Philistines and defeated them.

But God did not use only men. He also used women to deliver his people. There was a woman whose name was Deborah. She was a female judge in Israel during the days when Israel was ruled by leaders called Judges. Deborah was a courageous woman. She went to battle with Barak and ten thousand Israelites to fight against General Sisera of the Canaanite army, and God saved Israel through her courageous leadership. All the men and women that God used to save his people were people just like you and me. What made them outstanding was their courage and willingness to be the ones God would use to save his people God still saves his people today. God saves us from accidents. Sometimes, a pilot may refuse to fly an aircraft because of a faulty part. That could be God using the pilot to save the lives of everyone that could have flown on the plane. God also uses policemen and soldiers to save us from trouble, thieves and riots. Thank God that he saves his people from harm.

Moral lessons1 God is always willing to save his people.2 When the Israelites were suffering, they cried out to God and he heard them. God is not too busy to hear us.

Remember

1 God cares deeply about his people’s welfare.

2 Repeatedly, God has shown that he cares for his people; that he is ready to deliver them from harm, danger and trouble.

3 for four hundred years, the descendants of Jacob were slaves in Egypt.

4 God heard their cries and sent Moses to deliver them from slavery in Egypt and to bring them to a very prosperous land—the Promised Land.

5 God used Samson to deliver the Israelites from the Philistines.

6 with God’s help young David defeated and killed Goliath. With this, the Israelite army pursued the Philistines and defeated them.

7 God did not use only men. He also used women to deliver his people.

8 All the men and women that God used to save his people were people just like you and me.

9 God still saves his people today.

10 God also uses policemen and soldiers to save us from trouble, thieves and riots.

Evaluation:-

  1. Who is David?
  2. Why was Goliath boasting and mocking the Israelites?
  3. Who helped David defeat Goliath?

Class:- Basic 5

Subject:- Christian Religious Studies

Week:- 5

Topic: The Pentecost

Behavioral objective:- By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. Explain the meaning of Pentecost

2. Narrate the event that occurred on the day of Pentecost

3.Mention how many people that got saved on the day of Pentecost

Instructional material/Reference material:- Learn Africa Christian Religious Studies UBE edition for primary school book 5, picture, chart.

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students know that it was on the day of Pentecost that Holy Spirit descended.

CONTENT

THE PENTECOST ( ACTS 2: 14- 42)

EVENTS ON THE DAY OF PENTECOST

Guide to Bible passage Acts 2

The meaning of Pentecost

Pentecost was an agricultural feast of the Jews. They celebrated it yearly to thank God for a good harvest year and prayed to God for success for the coming agricultural year. They celebrated it on the fiftieth day after the Feast of Passover. It was compulsory for every male Jew. Because of this, anytime they had the feast, there were many people in Jerusalem. Jews from all parts of the world, and even some non-Jews, always took part in the celebration.

The events of the Pentecost day

There was a time the Pentecost feast was on. Jews who were living in different parts of the world and some non-Jews had gathered in Jerusalem for the feast. There were many people from Egypt, Rome, Asia, Libya, Cyrene, Judea, and many other places.As the feast of Pentecost was going on, the twelve apostles received the Holy Spirit as promised by Jesus Christ. As a result of this gift, they were able to speak in other languages. Also, as a result of the gift, Peter preached to the people who gathered in Jerusalem about Jesus. Many were converted. The details of the two events are given below. Immediately the apostles received the Holy Spirit, they changed. The evidence of the change are as follows:

a) They suddenly became bold to talk openly about Jesus. They were no longer afraid of the Jews.

b) They started speaking in other languages. The languages were new to them. They did not learn or understand them before. It was the Holy Spirit they just received that made it possible for them to start speaking in the new languages so that people in Jerusalem from different parts of the world could understand them in their own languages. Some people were amazed to hear them speaking in different languages but some said that they were drunk with wine.

With the boldness the Holy Spirit gave the apostles, Peter stood up and explained to the people that the apostles were not drunk. Peter said it was too early for anybody to get drunk because it was just the third hour; that is around nine o’ clock in the morning. He explained that they were speaking in other language the Holy Spirit had just come down upon them. Peter told the people that the Holy Spirit they received was in fulfillment of the prophecy of Prophet Joel.

Prophet Joel had prophesied that the time would come when God would pour his Spirit upon human beings. Those who would be obedient to the Spirit would prophesy, see visions, get revelations through dreams, do impossible things like miracles, etc. It would show that the time of salvation of our souls has come. Then whoever would call upon the Lord (Jesus) would be saved. Peter preached Jesus as Lord and Messiah to the people that gathered in JerusalemAfter explaining to the people that came for the Pentecost feast that the apostles were not drunk, that it was the Holy Spirit that made them speak in other tongues, Peter then preached to them about Jesus. These were the things Peter told them about Jesus:

a) Jesus was sent to the world by God.

b) God showed that he sent him by doing miracles through him which people witnessed.

c) Jesus was rejected and was killed by lawless men but it was according to God’s plan.

d) He was buried but God raised him from the dead as prophesied by David in Psalm 16:10.

Evaluation:-

  1. Explain what “The Pentecost” means
  2. Narrate the events on the day of Pentecost
  3. How many people were saved on the day of Pentecost
  4. Why were the disciples’ speaking in tongues?

Class:- Basic 5

Subject:- Christian Religious Studies

Week:- 6

Topic: The Holy Spirit inspires us

Behavioral objective:- By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. Explain the meaning of Inspiration

2. State the roles of the Holy Spirit

Instructional material/Reference material:- Learn Africa Christian Religious Studies UBE edition for primary school book 5, picture, chart.

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students have learnt how the Holy Spirit descended on the day of Pentecost in the previous lesson.

CONTENT

THE HOLY SPIRIT INSPIRES US ( ACT 4 : 27-32)

MEANING OF INSPIRATION

Guide to Bible passages

Acts 3:26–40; 4:27–32

Explanation of inspiration

To inspire means to encourage someone by making him or her feel confident and eager to do something. It is to give confidence to someone who is afraid or shy to do something great. During the trial and crucifixion of Jesus, the apostles were afraid of preaching the gospel. The Holy Spirit and spoke the word of God with boldness.

Inspiration means the power given to someone to make him confident to do great things. When Jesus was crucified his disciples were afraid to go out because of the fear that they might be killed also. When the Holy Spirit came upon them on the day of Pentecost, they were able to preach boldly in public.

For example, Peter denied Jesus three times. But after the resurrection of Jesus, when the Holy Spirit came upon the disciples at Pentecost, Peter was bold to preach the gospel and three thousand souls were saved. Other apostles were also inspired by the Holy Spirit to preach the gospel.

The story of Peter and John

Peter and John healed a cripple with the power of the Holy Spirit. They were arrested and put in prison. When they were asked, ‘By what power or by what name did you do this?’ Peter was filled with the Holy Spirit; he replied them that the cripple was healed by the name of Jesus. The people saw the boldness of Peter and John and recognized them as disciples of Jesus. They released them and warned them not to preach the gospel, but the apostles came together to pray asking God to give them the boldness to preach. The place where they prayer shook and they were all filled with holy spirit.

The story of Philip

Philip went to Samaria to preach the gospel. Many Samaritans heard him and great joy came to the city. The Holy Spirit took him to a desert road from Jerusalem to Gaza where he met an Ethiopian eunuch. The man came to Jerusalem to worship and was returning home. He was riding on a chariot and was reading the Bible from the book of Isaiah. He was reading what Isaiah said about Jesus but did not understand it. The Holy Spirit told Philip to approach the man in his chariot. Philip obeyed the Holy Spirit. He asked the man, ‘Do you understand what you are reading?’ The man replied, ‘How can I, unless someone guides me?’ The man invited Philip to join him and sit with him. The portion he was reading from Isaiah was where it was stated, ‘As a sheep led to the slaughter; as a lamb before its shearer is dumb, so he open not his mouth. In his humiliation, justice was denied him. Who can describe this generation? For his life is taken up from the earth’

Philip and the Ethiopian eunuch in a chariot

The Ethiopian eunuch asked Philip, ‘About who, I pray, does the prophets say this, about himself or about someone else?’ The Holy Spirit helped Philip to preach the good news about the trial, death and resurrection of Jesus to him. He believed and accepted Jesus as savior. When they got to a river, the man asked Philip to baptize him. Philip baptized him with water and he became a Christian.

The Holy Spirit empowers us to spread the gospel

1 The Holy Spirit reveals to us the hidden things and enables us to share the good news with others.

2 The Holy Spirit gives various spiritual gifts like healing, miracle, and prophecy to make our preaching more effective.

3 The Holy Spirit encourages us to witness to the life and resurrection of Jesus Christ.

4 The Holy Spirit always makes intercession for the saints, there be encouraging us to preach with confidence.

5 The Holy Spirit guides us to the truth of the gospel.

Moral lessons

1 Jesus sent the Holy Spirit to give the disciples boldness. God does not want us to feel shy but to be confident when preaching the gospel.

2 The Holy Spirit helps us to pray. God wants his children to pray always.

3 The Holy Spirit guides us to the truth. We must not lie to one another but must always speak the truth.

4 Philip guided the Ethiopian eunuch to the knowledge of the gospel through the help of the Holy Spirit. God wants us to ask the Holy Spirit for guidance in everything we do. We must preach the gospel to others

ROLES OF THE HOLY SPIRIT

  1. The Holy Spirit guides us in our everyday activities
  2. He teaches us new things
  3. He makes complicated processes easy for us
  4. The Holy Spirit is our great teaches.
  5. The Holy Spirit gives us boldness to preach the Gospel
  6. The Holy Spirit helps us to make good decisions at all times

Evaluation:-

  1. Explain the meaning of inspiration
  2. List four (4) roles of the Holy Spirit
  3. ____________________________________
  4. ____________________________________
  5. ____________________________________
  6. ____________________________________

Class:- Basic 5

Subject:- Christian Religious Studies

Week:- 7and 8

Topic: The Holy Spirir guides us to the truth.

Behavioral objective:- By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. Explain the meaning of the word “Truth”

2. Explain how the Holy Spirit guides us to the Truth

3. Explain why Christians need knowledge of the truth Instructional material/Reference material:- Learn Africa Christian Religious Studies UBE edition for primary school book 5, picture, chart.

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students have learnt about the roles of the Holy Spirit

CONTENT

THE HOLY SPIRIT GUIDES US TO THE TRUTH

Guide to Bible passage

John 15:27

The truth

Many times, we have played the game, Truth or Dare, where one team is meant to guess if what the other team says is true or false. Truth is something that is a fact or something that is real. Jesus called himself the Way, the Truth and the Life. This shows us how important the quality of truth is to God. It is so important that when Jesus was returning to heaven, he left us the Holy Spirit to guide us into all truth.

How the Holy Spirit guides us to the truth

The Holy Spirit is always with us. He lives inside of us. He tells us deep inside our hearts what to do and the best way to do something. As we continue to obey his guidance and leading, we become so used to hearing him that we begin to see clearly the difference between the truth and the lie. When the Holy Spirit guides, he can show us things we did not even know. Sometimes, the Holy Spirit may cause us to think of someone and make us to just feel like praying for the person, or do something good for the person. Other times, we may have a feeling inside of us to move away from a particular place or go to a particular place. Or we may feel a nudge inside of us to talk to someone. The Holy Spirit always knows the truth about everything and everyone.

The Holy Spirit guides us into all truth through the word of God. So many times, we get our instructions and guidance from God’s word – the Bible, because the Holy Spirit will always agree with what God says in the Bible. Another way the Holy Spirit guides us is by helping us to understand the Bible more and obey it better. Jesus told His disciples that the Holy Spirit who reveals the truth about God and which comes from the father would come to them. He would make them to know and speak the truth. For the disciples, this was important so that they will no to give up their faith when Jesus would no longer be with them, even in the face of persecution.

Knowledge of the truth is important to Christians. This is because there are so many false teachings that people call the truths, which actually are not. Since we cannot see God, it is only the Holy Spirit that can reveal the real truth to us so that we will not be deceived.

Moral lessons

1 The Holy Spirit is always with us. He helps us to be full of truth.

2 He likes to show us the best way to live so that our lives shall be happyband meaningful. We should allow him to be our guide in all situations. A cleaner is being rewarded for his honestyEvaluation:-

  1. Explain the meaning of the word “Truth”
  2. Explain how the Holy Spirit guides us to the Truth
  3. Explain why Christians need knowledge of the truth

Class:- Basic 5

Subject:- Christian Religious Studies

Week:- 9

Topic: The fruit of the Spirit

Behavioral objective:- By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. Explain the reason we must live by the Spirit

2. Mention the nine fruits of the Spirit

Instructional material/Reference material:- Learn Africa Christian Religious Studies UBE edition for primary school book 5, picture, chart.

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students are familiar with the meaning of love which is one fruit of the Spirit

CONTENT

THE FRUIT OF THE SPIRIT

When we allow the Holy Spirit to guide us, we will live devote Christian life and portray the image of Christ. Paul in his letter to the church at Corinth encouraged them to live according to the spirit and not according to the flesh.

He then said “But the fruit of the spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self control, against such things there is no law. And those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires. If we live by the spirit, let us also keep in step with the spirit. Let us not become conceited, provoking one another envying one another.

Evaluation:-

  1. Why must we live by the spirit?
  2. List the nine fruits of the spirit

 

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