Second term e lesson note for Basic five Civic Education

Second term e lesson note for Basic five

Week Topic

1. Revision of first terms work

2. Civic Education

3. (A). Our Right (Childs right)4. Why we study civic Education5. Importance of civic education6. National consciousness7. (A). Consequence of disloyalty

8. Government 9. Necessity for division of government into three arms10. Importance of government11. Functions of government 12. Revision and Test13. Examination

Class:- Basic 5

Subject:- Civic Education

Week:- 2 and 3

Topic: Civic Education

Subtopic: Meaning and components of Civic Education.

Behavioral objective:- At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to:-

1. explain Civic Education

2. explain the components of Civic Education

Instructional material/Reference material:- Macmillian Civic Education for primary school book 5

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students are familiar with the importance of teaching and learning civic education as a subject in our society.

Content

Meaning of civic education

civic education is that subject which teaches us about our society, about our rights, duties and obligations as citizens of our country, and the benefits which we should enjoy.

Components of civic educationThis means the parts that make up what we call civic education. It has several parts which include the following:1 Our environment. We learn about the people and things that are around us in our lives. Our environment in civic education includes:a) Our political environment, which deals with the way our government rules us.b) Our social environment, which has to do with the kind of life the members of our society live. It teaches us about our culture and values.c) Our economic environment. We learn about working, trading, manufacturing, and how to manage money.2 Our rights. Our rights are those things we should enjoy as citizens of our country. They include the following:a) The right to life.b) The right to personal freedom.c) The right to fair hearing in court.

d) The right to private family life.e) The right to adopt a religion.f) The right to express ourselves.g) The right to peaceful association.h) The right to vote and be voted for.i) The right to live in any part of Nigeria.j) The right to own property.3 The laws of our country. When we understand the laws of our country and obey them, we will behave better, serve our country, and enjoy more benefits.4 Our duties. These are the things which we must do as citizens of the country, to make our country better. We must learn them and begin to practise them. Some of them are as follows:a) Obey the laws of the country and those in authority.b) Respect the values of our society.c) Show loyalty to our country by respecting the national flag, reciting the national pledge, and singing the national anthem.d) Uphold the good name of Nigeria.e) Defend Nigeria by serving her in any way you are asked to serve.f) Do everything you can to make the community in which you live a better place.g) Help government agencies to maintain law and order. Citizens should give the police any information they need in the course of their work.

) Pay taxes promptly.

i) Vote during elections.5 The responsibilities of the government. 6 Social problems. Civic education also examines the problems of society, and finds ways of solving them.Evaluation:-

1. List five components of Civic Education

2. Briefly discuss the meaning of civic education

3. State three of your right as a child

 

Class:- Basic 5

Subject:- Civic Education

Week:- 4 and 5

Topic: Reasons for studying civic education

Behavioral objective:- At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to state reasons we study civic education and its imoortance

Instructional material/Reference material:-Macmillian Civic Education for primary school book 5

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students are familiar with the component of civic education

Content

Why we study civic education

1 For public awareness. People should have the knowledge and understanding of their rights in their society. They should also understand their duties towards society.2 In order to understand the values of our society. It helps us to understand our societal values, and practise them, in order to have a better society. Some of these values are:

a) Honesty

b) Cooperation

c) Self reliance

Unity

e) Tolerance

f) Love

g) Peace

h) Humility

3 To equip young people to become leaders in future. When young people study civic education, they will better understand the needs of society. They will also understand how to meet those needs. This will enable them to govern the country in future, if they find themselves in leadership positions.4 To equip us to serve our country. Civic education will teach us how to serve our country and make it a more enjoyable place.

The importance of civic education

1 Civic education helps to develop good citizens, because it makes

us understand our society.

2 It produces citizens who are aware of their rights.

3 It produces citizens who know their responsibilities.

4 It teaches people how to make their society orderly, peaceful and

stable.

5 It makes governance easy, because it teaches people about the programmes andpolicies of the government.

Evaluation:

1. List 5 importance of Civic Education.

2 Highlight 10 reasons why we study Civic Education.

Class:- Basic 5

Subject:- Civic Education

Week:- 6

Topic: National consciousness

Subtopic:- Loyalty

Behavioral objective:- At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to:-

1. explain loyalty

2. State ways of showing loyalty

Instructional material/Reference material:bMacmillian Civic Education for primary school book 5

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students are familiar with the some components of national consciousness which included loyalty

Content

LoyaltyLoyalty is the love and support shown to a person, group, or one’s country. We can show loyalty to the following groups or organizations which we could belong to: 1 Our nation2 Our family3 Our community4 Our religious organization5 Our school6 Our state7 Our ethnic group

8 Our club or social group9 Our friends10 The organization in which we work

Our loyalty to our own country should be uppermost in our heart. This is because it is due to the existence of our country that other groups or associations exist.the

 

 

Ways in which we can show loyalty to our nation, community or group are as follows:1 Being obedient to our leaders and to the laws lay down to guide our nation or group.2 Being honest.3 Being proud of our nation or group. We must never be ashamed to say we are Nigerians, when we travel outside the country.

4 Showing respect for national symbols and other symbols which represent the group to which we belong. We can hoist our national flag in our school or place of work, to indicate our respect for our country.5 Showing love and goodwill to the citizens of our country, irrespective of their state of origin or ethnic group. We should also show love to the members of our families or of any group or association we belong to.

Evaluation:

What is Loyalty?

2. List five ways to show Loyalty.

Class:- Basic 5

Subject:- Civic Education

Week:- 7

Topic: National consciousness

Subtopic: Consequences of disloyalty

Behavioral objective:- At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to:-

1. State the consequences of disloyalty

2. List the national agencies for enforcing law and order

Instructional material/Reference material:- Macmillian Civic Education for primary school book 5

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students are familiar with the importance of loyalty in our society

Content

CONSEQUENCES OF DISLOYALTY

Some of the consequences of not showing loyalty to the nation or group. These include the following:1 Underdevelopment and national failure. If government officials fail to carry out government programmes, which are intended to foster national development, the nation will remain undeveloped and the aspect of national life, where the programmes could have helped, would fail.2 Being discredited internationally. When citizens of a country are disloyal, the country will be discredited by other nations. Reputable international organizations, like the United Nations, will be unwilling to support such nations. Therefore, Nigerians who smuggle hard drugs in and out of Nigeria are disloyal to the nation.

3. Suffering. Often disloyal citizens suffer for their own actions. For example, those caught will be tried and may be sent to jail. Many hard drug pushers and traffickers caught in Saudi Arabia have been executed. Those who manufacture and sell fake and substandard drugs and other materials are disloyal. So, when they are caught, the government tries them in court and, if found guilty, sends them to prison.4 Poverty. Disloyalty can result in poverty. When these disloyal citizens are caught and are punished, they lose their sources of income.

A child been punished for disloyalty

These national agencies include the following:1 The National Youth Service Corps2 The Armed Forces of Nigeria made up of the army, the navy and the air force.3 The Nigeria Police4 The National Drug Law Enforcement Agency5 The National Food and Drug Administration and Control6 The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission7 The Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria8 The National Emergency Management Agency

9 The Central Bank of Nigeria

Evaluation:-

1. What is disloyalty

2. Discuss three consequences of disloyalty

3. List three national government that maintain law and order in the country

 

Class:- Basic 5

Subject:- Civic Education

Week:- 8

Topic: Government

Subtopic: Arms of government

Behavioral objective:- At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to:-

1. Mention the arms of government

2. State the differences between the arms if government

Instructional material/Reference material:-Macmillian Civic Education for primary school book 5

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students are familiar with the meaning and role of government in our society

Content

Arms of governmentGovernment is divided into three arms, namely (a) executive, (b) legislature, and (c) judiciary.

THE EXECUTIVE

The executive arm of government refers to the president, ministers, and special advisers at the Federal level; while at the state government level, it comprises of the state governor, commissioners and advisers.Functions of the executive1 It makes policies.2 It appoints top government officials.3 It represents the country in the gathering of other countries of the world.4 It declares war when there is a need for it.5 It maintains law and order.6 It decides how money should be spent by the government.7 When a law is made, the president must sign it before it becomes law.8 The president can pardon those who have committed some crimes.THE LEGISLATURE

At the federal level, the legislature consists of the National Assembly—Senate and House of Representatives, while at the state level, the legislature consists of the House of Assembly.Functions of the legislature

1 It is the arm of government that makes laws.2 It controls how money should be spent in the country.3 It approves the appointment of ministerial nominees.

4 The legislature makes enquiries about complaints against other arms of government.5 It discusses the different plans which the government has for its citizens.

THE JUDICIARY

One of the major functions of the judiciary is to interpret and apply laws to specific cases. In the course of deciding the disputes that come before it, the judges interpret and apply laws. Every law needs a proper interpretation for getting applied to every specific case. This function is performed by the judges

Functions of the Judiciary .

1. Interpreting state laws

2. Settling legal disputes

3. Punishing violators of the law

4. Hearing civil cases

5. Protecting individual rights granted by the state constitution

6. Determing the guilt or innocence of those accused of violating the criminal laws of the state.

Evaluation

1. Mention the arms of government.

2. State three differences between the three arms of government .

Class:- Basic 5

Subject:- Civic Education

Week:- 9

Topic: Government

Subtopic: Necessity of division of government into three arm

Behavioral objective:- At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to explain the reason for division government into arms

Instructional material/Reference material:- Macmillian Civic Education for primary school book 5

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students have learnt abiut the three arms of government from previous lesson

Content

Why division of powers is necessary

Reasons for division of powers as follows:1 To avoid too much power. It is bad for a few people to become too powerful.2 To avoid the abuse of power. When people have too much power, they become dictatorial and oppress people.3 To ensure that the leaders themselves obey the country’s constitution.4 To ensure that the citizens enjoy their rights.5 To ensure order in society.

6 To uphold democracy. In a democracy, one person does not rule the people; but the whole people rule themselves through their representatives.7 To ensure peace in society.

Evaluation:

List some division of the arms of government.

Class:- Basic 5

Subject:- Civic Education

Week:- 10

Topic: Importance of government

Behavioral objective:- At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to state the impirtance of government

Instructional material/Reference material:- Macmillian Civic Education for primary school book 5

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students are familiar with the roles of government

Content

The importance of governmentThere are many reasons why government is necessary. Some of them are:1 For the control of the people. People would be unruly if no one in particular is appointed to control what goes on.2 To maintain law and order. The government makes laws and enforces the laws. That is, it ensures that the laws are obeyed.3 To ensure justice and fair play in society.4 To provide security for the people.5 To ensure the progress and development of the country.6 To defend the nation.7 To maintain good relations between the country and other countries.

The following are the things that could happen in a society without a government:1. Lawlessness2. Unrest3. Injustice4. Violation of rights6. Fear7. Anarchy and confusion8. Underdevelopment.

Evaluation:-

1. A nation without a government will face a lot of problems, mentioned six of these problems

2. List five importance of government in a nation

Class:- Basic 5

Subject:- Civic Education

Week:- 11

Topic: Functions of government

Behavioral objective:- At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to:-

1. explain the functions of government

2. explain the major value of government

3. List the agencies that carry out the function of the government

Instructional material/Reference material:- Macmillian Civic Education for primary school book 5

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students have been taught the major aspect of government

Content

Functions of government include the following:1 It makes policies and programmes for the benefit of the nation.2 It provides protection and security of lives and property.3 It provides social amenities such as potable water, schools, hospitals, electricity, and roads.4 It provides employment for the people. It also creates an enabling economic environment for the people.5 Government defends the country against external attack from other countries.6 It makes laws which guide the citizens.7 It maintains law and order.8 It administers justice and equity.

9 It promotes a good relationship between her and other countries.The teacher should explain these functions of government to the pupils by using practical examples, e.g. the protection and security work of the police, an agency of government.

Some major values of governmentExplain to the pupils the key values of government functions. These values include the following:1. Accountability. It should give citizens an account of its services.2. Transparency. It should tell the people how money is being spent.3. Promotion of human rights. Government should protect the rights of the citizens through the judiciary.4. Faithfulness and integrity. It should try to serve the people faithfully, and pursue her programmes with honesty.5. Justice and equity. It should see that everyone is treated fairly.6. Good governance. The government ought to rule the country so well that all Nigerians will enjoy being Nigerians, and enjoy living in Nigeria.7. Cordial external relations. The government ought to make Nigeria friendly with other countries. It should help to promote peace all over Africa and the world in general.Agencies that carry out the functions and services of the governmentThese agencies include the following:1 The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN)2 All Federal Ministries such as the

a) Federal Ministry of Educationb) Federal Ministry of Justicec) Federal Ministry of Financed) Federal Ministry of Defensee) Federal Ministry of External Affairs3 The National Drug Law Enforcement Agency4 The Nigerian Ports Authority5 The Nigerian Army6 National Agencies for Food and Drug Administration and Control7 The Nigerian Postal Service8 The Nigeria Police ForceOur duties and obligations to government They include the following:1 Obey the laws of the land and obey those in authority.2 Pay taxes promptly.3 Show loyalties to our country by respecting the national symbols, e.g. the coat of arms, and the national flag.4 Vote during elections.5 Defend Nigeria by serving her in any part of the country and in any way.6 Respect the values of our society.7 Serve your immediate community in whatever form.

8 Help government agencies to maintain law and order.9 Uphold the good name of Nigeria.Unsolicited obligationsThey are those things which we do on our own to ensure the progress of our society. They are not imposed on us. These include the following:1 If a public tap is wasting water, you should turn it off.2 Community leaders could settle disputes among other members of the community.3 Younger people could visit elderly people and ensure they are comfortable.4 If an accident occurs, assist the victims.5 Help victims of disasters.Evaluation:-

1 What are the consequences of failure to perform our duties in society?2 What are the duties of children in a family?

 

 

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