First Aid Treatments . COMMON EMERGENCY CONDITIONS THAT REQUIRE FIRST AID

 Subject  : Physical and Health Education

Term : Second Term

WEEK: 4

CLASS: PRIMARY 6

DURATION: 40 MINUTES

TOPIC: FIRST AID 

SUB TOPIC(S)

  • Common emergency conditions that require first aid.
  • How to handle emergency condition.
  • Signs and symptoms with treatment of emergency condition.

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

At the end of this discussion in this unit, people should be able to:

  • Know Common emergency conditions that require first aid.
  • Know How to handle emergency condition.
  • Know Signs and symptoms with treatment of emergency condition

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Whiteboard/Chalkboard
  • Explanatory posters/pictures
  • Explanatory videos

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  • NERDC Basic Education Curriculum.
  • Universal Basic Education  Curriculum (UBE)
  • Unified Schemes of Work for Lagos State Primary Schools (MIDDLE BASIC)
  • Lagos State Scheme of Work for Physical and Health Education.
  • Online Materials.
  • Physical and Health Education for Primary Schools.

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS LESSON: The students are familiar with.

                                                  CONTENT

First Aid Treatment  is the first help given to an injured or sick person before professional medical treatment can be given.

First Aid Treatment is the medical attention that is given to an injured person before the arrival of a  medical doctor .

COMMON EMERGENCY CONDITIONS THAT REQUIRE FIRST AID

  1. Shock
  2. bleeding
  3. Wounds
  4. Sprain
  5. Fracture
  6. Dislocation
  7. Fainting
  8. Burns
  9. Bites
  10. Heart attack
  11. Poisons

HOW TO HANDLE EMERGENCY CONDITIONS

SHOCK

Shock happens when important organs are not getting the required blood

Causes of shock

  1. Severe infection
  2. Heart stroke
  3. Trauma
  4. Allergic reactions.
  5. Poisoning
  6. Injury

Symptoms of shock

  1. Vomiting
  2. Feeling weak
  3. Slow breathing
  4. Dilated pupils
  5. Cool clammy skin

Treatment of shock

  1. Let the person lie down
  2. Of raising of the legs is painful, keep the person still.
  3. If the person is not breathing, loose the person’s clothes.
  4. Cover him with a blanket
  5. Take the person to the hospital.

Presentation

The topic is presented step by step

 

Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics

 

Step 2.

He introduces the new topic

 

Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise

 

Evaluation :

 

MENTION FIVE COMMON EMERGENCY CONDITIONS THAT REQUIRE FIRST AID

1..

2,,

3..

4..

5…

Conclusion :

 

The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.

 

Assignment :

Prepare for the next lesson by reading about common injuries on the field

 

 

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