Types of Government

Civic Education

Primary 4

First Term


Week: 5th

Class: primary 4

Topic: Types of Government

Behavioural objectives:

At the end of the lesson pupils should be able to explain the

  1. a) Meaning of government e.g. traditional form of government, constitutional (presidential or parliamentary form of government

Instructional material/Reference material:

Textbook, charts and pictures

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge:

Pupils are familiar with the topic.


Government is the machinery by which the affairs of the people is directed or governed.

Government provides leadership through provision of social amenities and infrastructure. government also sees to the security of the sate.

Types of Government

These are various forms of government. Some of them are:

Traditional government

This is a form of government that is controlled or headed by a traditional ruler. Traditional leaders are the custodians of local traditions and customs. Therefore, their government is based on the traditions and customs of the people of their area. Traditional government or leadership began a long time ago when people began to live together in communities and possess common culture and tradition. Traditional rulers in different parts of our country, Nigeria are known by some titles such as Obi, Eze, Igwe – Igboland

Oba, Baale – Yorubaland

Emir – Hausaland

Before the colonisation of Nigeria by the British, traditional rulers ruled in all parts of the country and had a lot of power. However after the


  1. Define traditional government
  2. Mention ten traditional leaders in your community



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