Community leadership

Subject :

Civic Education

Topic :

Community leadership

Class :

Primary 4

Term :

First Term

Week :

Week 3

Instructional Materials :


  • Wall charts
  • pictures
  • royal regalia
  • crown . beads etc


Reference Materials

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum

Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have previous knowledge of Respect for other people’s culture



Behavioural Objectives :  At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • explain the meaning of leadership.
  • explain community leaders
  • give examples of community leaders



Content :



Topic: Community leadership



Community Leadership

What is a community ?

A community is a group of people that are living closely together in the same neigbourhood. These people may not know each other before moving into the community but once they are living together they become members of the same community living in the same neighbourhood.

A community cannot exist on its own without a leader and this has prompt the need for a community leader.


Who is a community leader ?

A community leader is a person that has been saddle with the responsibility of

  • governance
  • security
  • welfare
  • communication

of a community


  1. a community leader sees to the day to day running affairs of the community
  2. a community leader sees to the security issues of his or her immediate community
  3. a community leader sees to the provision like good drainage system or electric power supply to his community
  4. a good community leader communicate the progress of the community to members of the community regularly during regular community meeting



Please kindly note that a community leader may not necessary be a traditional ruler but all traditional rulers are community leaders

Traditional leadership

Every home, school or society has a person who controls and directs the affairs of the people. In our classroom, there is a class captain or class monitor who ensures that there is peace. The person who directs and controls others is therefore a leader.

In our local communities, where the customs and traditions of the people form the basic way of life, there is also somebody who is in charge of the affairs of the people based on the customs and tradition. The person is the head and therefore, the leader.

Traditional leadership therefore means leadership based on the customs and traditions of the people. When a person controls a group of people according to the tradition and customs, such a person is called the traditional leader or ruler.

Examples of traditional leaders in our society are the Emir of Kano,, Oba of Lagos, Alaafin of Oyo, Obi of Onitsha, and Olu of Ikeja. oba of Benin, Alaketu of Ketu , Awujale of Ijebuland


Duties of traditional rulers

Traditional rulers perform the following duties:

  1. They maintain the traditional laws and customs of the people. They ensure that such customs do not die.
  2. They are the custodians of the customs and traditions of the people.

They are a symbol of the customs and traditions of the people.

  1. They maintain peace in their communities.
  2. They help to unite the people living in their domain, to ensure peace.
  3. They settle disputes or disagreements among the people in their domain.
  4. They organise their people and community in self-help projects for the development of their community.


A traditional leader holding a meeting with his people



The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise


Evaluation :

  1. Who is a traditional leader?
  2. Write two names of traditional leaders in your community.
  3. List three duties of a traditional ruler.
  4. Give four reasons why traditional leadership is important.


Conclusion :


The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.


Assignment :

Prepare for the next lesson by reading about Communalism



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