COLOURS Different colours around us

Subject :

Basic science and Technology

Topic :


Class :

Primary 4

Term :

First Term

Week :

Week 7

Instructional Materials :

  • Whiteboard/Chalkboard
  • Explanatory posters/pictures
  • Explanatory videos


Reference Materials

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Unified Schemes of Work for Lagos State Primary Schools (MIDDLE BASIC)
  • Online Materials.

Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have previous knowledge of Our Weather
Weather symbols



Behavioural Objectives :  At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • Identify different colours around us
  • List the colours of rainbow
  • Know the types of colours


Course Units:

  • Various colours around us
  • Colour in the rainbow
  • Primary and secondary Colours
  • Producing new colours

Content :

Colour means Hue.


Colours can give us in different emotion. It can make us to be happy, confuse, sad, angry,


The sun gives us natural light. The light is made up of seven colours. We also use ROYGBIV to remember and name the colours of light.

The colours of light using ROYGBIV




The colours of light can also be called the spectrum of white light or rainbow colours.

  1. R = Red
  2. O = Orange
  3. Y = Yellow
  4. G = Green
  5. B = Blue
  6. I = Indigo
  7. V = Violet


We have two types of colours, these are:

  1. Primary colours or natural colours: they are green, red and blue. Things with primary colours are biter leaf (green), pumpking leaf (green), clay soil (reddis brown), Kolanut (redish brown), rose flower (red), hibiscus flower (red).
  2. Secondary colours: it is gotten by mixing two primary colours. The process of producing secondary colour is called Additive colour mixing. Examples of secondary colours are magenta, cyanm yellow and orange.

Other colours are Tertiary colour.


Red + Green   = Yellow

Blue + Green   = Cyan

Red + Blue = Magenta


The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise


Evaluation :

  1. Identify three colours around us
  2. List the colours of rainbow
  3. Mention the types of colours.


Conclusion :


The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.


Assignment :

Prepare for the next lesson by reading about



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